Background: The aim of this study is to explore the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor within nasal polyps, and the implication of such expression as regards the development of nasal polyps amongst children. Material and methods: Sixty children suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis were enrolled in this study. Amongst them, 30 patients featured rhinosinusitis with associated nasal polyps. A biopsy specimen was taken from the stalk or the base of the nasal polyp for nasal-polyp sufferers, and the ethmoid sinus for study participants who featured no nasal polyps. The primary lesions biopsied were immunohistochemically stained with a specific endothelial-cell marker and also stained for the presence of vascular endothelial growth factor. The specific level of vascular endothelial growth factor and the mean number of blood vessels present in a visual microscopic (biopsied-specimen) field were calculated under light microscopy (×400). Results: The number of vascular endothelial growth factor-expressing cells for the nasal-polyp group and for the sinusitis group was, respectively, 20.8 ± 4.0 and 11.5 ± 3.4 per visual field. Correspondingly, the mean intra-polyp blood-vessel density for the nasal-polyp group and that for the control group was, respectively, 10.5 ± 2.6 and 5.0 ± 1.9 per visual field. The mean intra-polyp blood-vessel density and the number of vascular endothelial growth factor-expressing cells proved to be significantly greater amongst individuals from the nasal-polyp group than was the case for their analogs from the sinusitis group (P <0.01, for both). The presence of vascular endothelial growth factor was found to be distributed predominantly within the vascular endothelium and the mast cells of polyp tissue. In addition, the level of vascular endothelial growth-factor expression and the mean blood-vessel count per field correlated significantly for nasal-polyp tissue (P <0.001). Furthermore, the relative size of nasal polyps correlated significantly with the number of (intra-polyp) vascular endothelial-cell growth factor-expressing cells and the mean blood-vessel density (P <0.05, for both). Conclusion: The level of expression of vascular endothelial-cell growth factor (VEGF) and the mean blood-vessel density were shown to be significantly greater within nasal polyps than within corresponding sinusitis mucosa. Clinically, the expression of both of these parameters correlated well with the relative size of nasal polyps. Vascular endothelial growth factor participates in the formation of nasal polyps amongst children suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).
|頁（從 - 到）||23-28|
|期刊||International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 一月 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas