Valproic Acid and Lithium Meditate Anti-Inflammatory Effects by Differentially Modulating Dendritic Cell Differentiation and Function

Sy Jye Leu, Yi Yuan Yang, Hsing Cheng Liu, Chieh Yu Cheng, Yu Chen Wu, Ming Chyi Huang, Yuen Lun Lee, Chi Ching Chen, Winston W. Shen, Ko Jiunn Liu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

14 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Valproic acid (VPA), with inhibition activity mainly toward histone deacetylase (HDAC) and Glycogen Synthase Kinase (GSK)-3, and lithium, with inhibition activity mainly toward GSK-3, are both prescribed in clinical as mood-stabilizers and anticonvulsants for the control of bipolar disorder. This study aims to compare the immuno-modulation activities of VPA and lithium, especially on the differentiation and functions of dendritic cells (DC). Our data show that treatment with VPA or lithium effectively alleviated the severity of collagen-induced arthritis triggered by LPS in mice. Both agents reduced the serum level of IL-6 and IL-10 after LPS challenge in mice. VPA and lithium both induce significant down-regulation of group I CD1 expression and secretion of IL-6 during differentiation of human monocyte-derived immature DC, while they differ in the induction of CD83 and CD86 expression, secretion of IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α. Upon stimulation of immature DC with LPS, VPA, and lithium both reduced the secretion of IL-6 and TNF-α. However, only lithium significantly increased the production of IL-10, while VPA increased the production of IL-8 but substantially reduce the secretion of IL-10 and IL-23. Treatment with VPA resulted in a reduced capacity of LPS-stimulated DC to promote the differentiation of T helper 17 cells that are critical in the promotion of inflammatory responses. Taken together, our results suggest that VPA and lithium may differentially modulate inflammation through regulating the capacity of DC to mediate distinct T cell responses, and they may provide a complementary immunomodulatory effects for the treatment of inflammation-related diseases. J. Cell. Physiol. 232: 1176–1186, 2017.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1176-1186
頁數11
期刊Journal of Cellular Physiology
232
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 五月 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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