We discovered one purple photosynthetic bacterium, Rhodopseudomonas palustris YSC3, which has a specific ability to degrade 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 10-hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). The whole transcriptome of R. palustris YSC3 was analyzed using the RNA-based sequencing technology in illumina and was compared as well as discussed through Multi-Omics onLine Analysis System (MOLAS, http://molas.iis.sinica.edu.tw/NTUIOBYSC3/) platform we built. By using genome based mapping approach, we can align the trimmed reads on the genome of R. palustris and estimate the expression profiling for each transcript. A total of 341 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in HBCD-treated R. palustris (RPH) versus control R. palustris (RPC) was identified by 2-fold changes, among which 305 genes were up-regulated and 36 genes were down-regulated. The regulated genes were mapped to the database of Gene Ontology (GO) and Genes and Genomes Encyclopedia of Kyoto (KEGG), resulting in 78 pathways being identified. Among those DEGs which annotated to important functions in several metabolic pathways, including those involved in two-component system (13.6%), ribosome assembly (10.7%), glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism (5.3%), fatty acid degradation (4.7%), drug metabolism-cytochrome P450 (2.3%), and chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation (3.0%) were differentially expressed in RPH and RPC samples. We also identified one transcript annotated as dehalogenase and other genes involved in the HBCD biotransformation in R. palustris. Furthermore, the putative HBCD biotransformation mechanism in R. palustris was proposed.
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