Use of quantitative ultrasound for identifying low bone density in older people

Hsin Dai Lee, Hei Fen Hwang, Mau-Roung Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

18 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Objective: This study examined criterion, convergent, and discriminant validities of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) for identifying low bone density among people aged 55 years and older in Taiwan. Methods: We recruited 453 community-dwelling volunteers and 30 patients with lower extremity fractures. Bone density was assessed using both calcaneal QUS and femoral neck dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Two QUS parameters, speed of sound (SOS) and broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA), were also used to estimate heel bone mineral density (HBMD). Results: Using DXA as the criterion for identifying low bone density (DXA T score of 1.0 or lower), likelihood ratios for BUA and SOS at the 50th percentile and HBMD for men were 1.50, 1.75, and 1.28, respectively; the counterparts for women were 1.54, 2.13, and 1.29. As for identifying osteoporosis (DXA T score of -2.5 or lower), higher likelihood ratios of the 3 QUS parameters were gained. For convergent validity, Pearson correlation coefficients for DXA with BUA, SOS, and HBMD ranged from 0.40 to 0.43 for men and from 0.48 to 0.53 for women. For the ability to discriminate men and women with lower extremity fractures from those without, no significant differences in the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were detected between BUA, SOS, and HBMD and DXA after adjusting for age, body mass index, fall history, and current smoking. Conclusions: Although having very good convergent and discriminant validities and fair criterion validity, calcaneal QUS may be a screening tool for identifying low bone density.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1083-1092
頁數10
期刊Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine
29
發行號7
出版狀態已發佈 - 七月 1 2010

指紋

Bone Density
Calcaneus
X-Rays
Lower Extremity
Independent Living
Aptitude
Femur Neck
Taiwan
ROC Curve
Osteoporosis
Volunteers
Body Mass Index
Smoking
History

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Medicine(all)

引用此文

Use of quantitative ultrasound for identifying low bone density in older people. / Lee, Hsin Dai; Hwang, Hei Fen; Lin, Mau-Roung.

於: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine, 卷 29, 編號 7, 01.07.2010, p. 1083-1092.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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abstract = "Objective: This study examined criterion, convergent, and discriminant validities of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) for identifying low bone density among people aged 55 years and older in Taiwan. Methods: We recruited 453 community-dwelling volunteers and 30 patients with lower extremity fractures. Bone density was assessed using both calcaneal QUS and femoral neck dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Two QUS parameters, speed of sound (SOS) and broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA), were also used to estimate heel bone mineral density (HBMD). Results: Using DXA as the criterion for identifying low bone density (DXA T score of 1.0 or lower), likelihood ratios for BUA and SOS at the 50th percentile and HBMD for men were 1.50, 1.75, and 1.28, respectively; the counterparts for women were 1.54, 2.13, and 1.29. As for identifying osteoporosis (DXA T score of -2.5 or lower), higher likelihood ratios of the 3 QUS parameters were gained. For convergent validity, Pearson correlation coefficients for DXA with BUA, SOS, and HBMD ranged from 0.40 to 0.43 for men and from 0.48 to 0.53 for women. For the ability to discriminate men and women with lower extremity fractures from those without, no significant differences in the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were detected between BUA, SOS, and HBMD and DXA after adjusting for age, body mass index, fall history, and current smoking. Conclusions: Although having very good convergent and discriminant validities and fair criterion validity, calcaneal QUS may be a screening tool for identifying low bone density.",
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