Use of modified diets in nursing homes

S. J J Lan, C. L. Justice

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

4 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Randomly chosen medical charts of 212 elderly subjects in 11 nursing homes were reviewed to determine which characteristics of the subjects were most closely associated with their diet prescriptions. The chart reviews indicated that 104 (49.0%) of the 212 subjects had some type of nutrient-modified diet prescription. Eight patients who were tube fed were not included in subsequent analyses. Sodium restriction was the most common modification (60 [29.4%] of the remaining 204 patients) and calorie-controlled diets were also common (52 [25.5%] of the patients). Of the 55 patients with hypertension, 31 (56.4%) had no sodium restriction. Only 10% of all low-sodium diets limited sodium to 2 g per day. Of the 38 patients with diabetes, 7 (18.4%) had no presciption for calorie control, and there was no indication that increased dietary fiber was encouraged for diabetic patients. Only one of the 121 subjects with a diagnosis of coronary heart disease or atherosclerosis had a prescription for a cholesterol-lowering diet. Characteristics of the subjects not specifically related to diet or diagnosis, such as age, sex, duration of stay, and level of care, had no significant relationship to diet prescription. These findings suggest that the practitioners in our sample were not convinced of the efficacy of modified diets to control disease for most nursing home residents.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)46-51
頁數6
期刊Journal of the American Dietetic Association
91
發行號1
出版狀態已發佈 - 1991
對外發佈Yes

指紋

nursing homes
Nursing Homes
low sodium diet
Diet
diet therapy
Prescriptions
diet
Sodium
tube feeding
Sodium-Restricted Diet
atherosclerosis
Dietary Fiber
hypertension
diabetes
disease control
dietary fiber
Coronary Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
cholesterol
sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine(all)

引用此文

Lan, S. J. J., & Justice, C. L. (1991). Use of modified diets in nursing homes. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 91(1), 46-51.

Use of modified diets in nursing homes. / Lan, S. J J; Justice, C. L.

於: Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 卷 91, 編號 1, 1991, p. 46-51.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

Lan, SJJ & Justice, CL 1991, 'Use of modified diets in nursing homes', Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 卷 91, 編號 1, 頁 46-51.
Lan, S. J J ; Justice, C. L. / Use of modified diets in nursing homes. 於: Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 1991 ; 卷 91, 編號 1. 頁 46-51.
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