Objectives: Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR), derived from membrane bound uPAR, is associated with inflammatory diseases. In the present study, we explored the expression of uPAR/suPAR in common biopsy-proven kidney diseases and the relationship between suPAR and staging of type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN). Design and methods: Serum samples for suPAR and renal tissues for uPAR staining were investigated in various common kidney diseases. The levels of serum suPAR were measured and adequate cut-off values of different stage of DN were calculated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: In our results, the expression of uPAR on renal tissues was pronounced in the majority of kidney diseases. Comparing of expression of uPAR among different kidney diseases, it was strongest in minimal change disease (MCD) and weakest in chronic interstitial nephritis. Serum suPAR in most kidney diseases, except of MCD, was significantly elevated and was highest in DN. As for DN and suPAR, we found that suPAR progressively increased with staging of DN. Moreover, suPAR was linearly and negatively related to estimated glomerular filtration rate and positively related to the amount of proteinuria. By ROC curve, the cut-off values of suPAR in DN for assessing development increased with the progression of the disease. Conclusions: We concluded that uPAR/suPAR is elevated in most kidney diseases and that suPAR is a useful biomarker for assessing stages of DN.
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