Upregulation of Interleukin-33 in obstructive renal injury

Wei Yu Chen, Ya Jen Chang, Chia Hao Su, Tzu Hsien Tsai, Shang Der Chen, Chung Hsi Hsing, Jenq Lin Yang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

26 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Interstitial fibrosis and loss of parenchymal tubular cells are the common outcomes of progressive renal diseases. Pro-inflammatory cytokines have been known contributing to the damage of tubular cells and fibrosis responses after renal injury. Interleukin (IL)-33 is a tissue-derived nucleus alarmin that drives inflammatory responses. The regulation and function of IL-33 in renal injury, however, is not well understood. To investigate the involvement of cytokines in the pathogenesis of renal injury and fibrosis, we performed the mouse renal injury model induced by unilateral urinary obstruction (UUO) and analyze the differentially upregulated genes between the obstructed and the contralateral unobstructed kidneys using RNA sequencing (RNAseq). Our RNAseq data identified IL33 and its receptor ST2 were upregulated in the UUO kidney. Quantitative analysis confirmed that transcripts of IL33 and ST2 were upregulated in the obstructed kidneys. Immunofluorescent staining revealed that IL-33 was upregulated in Vimentin- and alpha-SMA-positive interstitial cells. By using genetically knockout mice, deletion of IL33 reduced UUO-induced renal fibrosis. Moreover, in combination with BrdU labeling technique, we observed that the numbers of proliferating tubular epithelial cells were increased in the UUO kidneys from IL33-or ST2-deficient mice compared to wild type mice. Collectively, our study demonstrated the upregulation of IL-33/ST2 signaling in the obstructed kidney may promote tubular cell injury and interstitial fibrosis. IL-33 may serve as a biomarker to detect renal injury and that IL-33/ST2 signaling may represent a novel target for treating renal diseases.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1026-1032
頁數7
期刊Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
473
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 五月 13 2016
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生物化學
  • 生物物理學
  • 細胞生物學
  • 分子生物學

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