Transpyloric tube feeding for 506 consecutive patients with delayed gastric emptying

Hsuan Hwai Lin, Tsai Yuan Hsieh, Heng Cheng Chu, Der Min Wu, You Chen Chao, Wei Kou Chang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

3 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Purpose: Transpyloric tube feeding could provide early enteral nutrition; minimize cost; and reduce the risk of potential aspiration pneumonia to the patient with delayed gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to report the results of patients who received transpyloric tube feeding and to determine what kind of underlying disorders would get the most benefit from the transpyloric tube feeding. Methods: We re trospectively reviewed the patients who underwent transpyloric tube feeding from January 1996 through December 2001 at our hospital. Demographic characteristics, underlying disorders, base-line nutrition status, complications, hospital mortality, and durability of transpyloric tube feeding, daily caloric intake of 506 patients were obtained. Logistic regression analysis was used to compare the hospital mortality rate of patients who had different underlying disorders with adjustment for potentially confounding variables. Results: The patients ' mediate age was 73 years; 70.7% were male and 53.1% ICU patients. The most underlying disorders associated with delayed gastric emptying in these patients were infectious diseases in 211 (41.7%). There was a trend towards higher survival in those groups that could convert to nasogastric (NG) tube feeding or oral diet than the others (χ2=125.9, p<0.001). In subgroup analysis, neurological disorders group was associated with lower mortality rate (35.6%, p<0.01) and higher percentage switched to oral or NG feeding than other groups (60.0%, p<0.01). When adjusted for potentially confounding variables, neurological disorders group was associated with lower mortality rate compared with infectious disorders, diabetes mellitus, and malignancy of upper gastrointestinal tract (odds ratio: 2.39, 3.55, and 7.11; p=0.03, 0.01, and <0.01). Conclusions: Patients who have neurological disorders can get the most benefit from the transpyloric tube feeding.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)52-60
頁數9
期刊Journal of Internal Medicine of Taiwan
17
發行號2
出版狀態已發佈 - 四月 1 2006
對外發佈Yes

指紋

Gastric Emptying
Enteral Nutrition
Nervous System Diseases
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Hospital Mortality
Mortality
Adjustment Disorders
Aspiration Pneumonia
Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
Energy Intake
Nutritional Status
Communicable Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Demography
Diet
Costs and Cost Analysis
Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

引用此文

Lin, H. H., Hsieh, T. Y., Chu, H. C., Wu, D. M., Chao, Y. C., & Chang, W. K. (2006). Transpyloric tube feeding for 506 consecutive patients with delayed gastric emptying. Journal of Internal Medicine of Taiwan, 17(2), 52-60.

Transpyloric tube feeding for 506 consecutive patients with delayed gastric emptying. / Lin, Hsuan Hwai; Hsieh, Tsai Yuan; Chu, Heng Cheng; Wu, Der Min; Chao, You Chen; Chang, Wei Kou.

於: Journal of Internal Medicine of Taiwan, 卷 17, 編號 2, 01.04.2006, p. 52-60.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

Lin, HH, Hsieh, TY, Chu, HC, Wu, DM, Chao, YC & Chang, WK 2006, 'Transpyloric tube feeding for 506 consecutive patients with delayed gastric emptying', Journal of Internal Medicine of Taiwan, 卷 17, 編號 2, 頁 52-60.
Lin, Hsuan Hwai ; Hsieh, Tsai Yuan ; Chu, Heng Cheng ; Wu, Der Min ; Chao, You Chen ; Chang, Wei Kou. / Transpyloric tube feeding for 506 consecutive patients with delayed gastric emptying. 於: Journal of Internal Medicine of Taiwan. 2006 ; 卷 17, 編號 2. 頁 52-60.
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abstract = "Purpose: Transpyloric tube feeding could provide early enteral nutrition; minimize cost; and reduce the risk of potential aspiration pneumonia to the patient with delayed gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to report the results of patients who received transpyloric tube feeding and to determine what kind of underlying disorders would get the most benefit from the transpyloric tube feeding. Methods: We re trospectively reviewed the patients who underwent transpyloric tube feeding from January 1996 through December 2001 at our hospital. Demographic characteristics, underlying disorders, base-line nutrition status, complications, hospital mortality, and durability of transpyloric tube feeding, daily caloric intake of 506 patients were obtained. Logistic regression analysis was used to compare the hospital mortality rate of patients who had different underlying disorders with adjustment for potentially confounding variables. Results: The patients ' mediate age was 73 years; 70.7{\%} were male and 53.1{\%} ICU patients. The most underlying disorders associated with delayed gastric emptying in these patients were infectious diseases in 211 (41.7{\%}). There was a trend towards higher survival in those groups that could convert to nasogastric (NG) tube feeding or oral diet than the others (χ2=125.9, p<0.001). In subgroup analysis, neurological disorders group was associated with lower mortality rate (35.6{\%}, p<0.01) and higher percentage switched to oral or NG feeding than other groups (60.0{\%}, p<0.01). When adjusted for potentially confounding variables, neurological disorders group was associated with lower mortality rate compared with infectious disorders, diabetes mellitus, and malignancy of upper gastrointestinal tract (odds ratio: 2.39, 3.55, and 7.11; p=0.03, 0.01, and <0.01). Conclusions: Patients who have neurological disorders can get the most benefit from the transpyloric tube feeding.",
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AU - Chao, You Chen

AU - Chang, Wei Kou

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N2 - Purpose: Transpyloric tube feeding could provide early enteral nutrition; minimize cost; and reduce the risk of potential aspiration pneumonia to the patient with delayed gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to report the results of patients who received transpyloric tube feeding and to determine what kind of underlying disorders would get the most benefit from the transpyloric tube feeding. Methods: We re trospectively reviewed the patients who underwent transpyloric tube feeding from January 1996 through December 2001 at our hospital. Demographic characteristics, underlying disorders, base-line nutrition status, complications, hospital mortality, and durability of transpyloric tube feeding, daily caloric intake of 506 patients were obtained. Logistic regression analysis was used to compare the hospital mortality rate of patients who had different underlying disorders with adjustment for potentially confounding variables. Results: The patients ' mediate age was 73 years; 70.7% were male and 53.1% ICU patients. The most underlying disorders associated with delayed gastric emptying in these patients were infectious diseases in 211 (41.7%). There was a trend towards higher survival in those groups that could convert to nasogastric (NG) tube feeding or oral diet than the others (χ2=125.9, p<0.001). In subgroup analysis, neurological disorders group was associated with lower mortality rate (35.6%, p<0.01) and higher percentage switched to oral or NG feeding than other groups (60.0%, p<0.01). When adjusted for potentially confounding variables, neurological disorders group was associated with lower mortality rate compared with infectious disorders, diabetes mellitus, and malignancy of upper gastrointestinal tract (odds ratio: 2.39, 3.55, and 7.11; p=0.03, 0.01, and <0.01). Conclusions: Patients who have neurological disorders can get the most benefit from the transpyloric tube feeding.

AB - Purpose: Transpyloric tube feeding could provide early enteral nutrition; minimize cost; and reduce the risk of potential aspiration pneumonia to the patient with delayed gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to report the results of patients who received transpyloric tube feeding and to determine what kind of underlying disorders would get the most benefit from the transpyloric tube feeding. Methods: We re trospectively reviewed the patients who underwent transpyloric tube feeding from January 1996 through December 2001 at our hospital. Demographic characteristics, underlying disorders, base-line nutrition status, complications, hospital mortality, and durability of transpyloric tube feeding, daily caloric intake of 506 patients were obtained. Logistic regression analysis was used to compare the hospital mortality rate of patients who had different underlying disorders with adjustment for potentially confounding variables. Results: The patients ' mediate age was 73 years; 70.7% were male and 53.1% ICU patients. The most underlying disorders associated with delayed gastric emptying in these patients were infectious diseases in 211 (41.7%). There was a trend towards higher survival in those groups that could convert to nasogastric (NG) tube feeding or oral diet than the others (χ2=125.9, p<0.001). In subgroup analysis, neurological disorders group was associated with lower mortality rate (35.6%, p<0.01) and higher percentage switched to oral or NG feeding than other groups (60.0%, p<0.01). When adjusted for potentially confounding variables, neurological disorders group was associated with lower mortality rate compared with infectious disorders, diabetes mellitus, and malignancy of upper gastrointestinal tract (odds ratio: 2.39, 3.55, and 7.11; p=0.03, 0.01, and <0.01). Conclusions: Patients who have neurological disorders can get the most benefit from the transpyloric tube feeding.

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