摘要

Background: Head motion, an important factor in acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), can be broken down into translational and rotational elements. We used three-dimensional finite element analysis to examine the thresholds of angular and tangential acceleration required to tear bridging veins in humans during head impact. Methods: The lengths of midsagittal and parasagittal bridging veins were calculated first. To assess the effect of translational and rotational acceleration, the strain of each vein was then computed under three different motions. The threshold of ASDH was expressed in terms of tangential and rotational acceleration. Results: Deformation-angle histories of the midsagittal and parasagittal bridging veins showed that veins that drain forward into the superior sinus at a 130-degree angle incurred the greatest stretch strain during occipital impact. In the midsagittal plane, pure rotation induced greater stretch strain on these veins (14.4%) than pure translation (2.5%) or combined translation and rotation motion (10.4%). A tangential acceleration of 3,912.9 G or an angular acceleration of 71.2 krad/s2 seemed to approximate the threshold for ASDH in the human midsagittal plane, whereas 5,010.9 G and 97.4 krad/s2 approximated the threshold in the parasagittal plane. Conclusion: Impact direction and orientation of bridging veins are both important factors in ASDH. Threshold criteria for ASDH can be expressed in terms of tangential and rotational acceleration.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)538-544
頁數7
期刊Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
47
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 九月 1999

指紋

Subdural Hematoma
Finite Element Analysis
Hematoma, Subdural, Acute
Veins
Head
Tears

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

引用此文

Three-dimensional finite element analysis of subdural hematoma. / Huang, Haw Ming; Lee, Maw Chang; Chiu, Wen Ta; Chen, Chien Tsu; Lee, Sheng Yang.

於: Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care, 卷 47, 編號 3, 09.1999, p. 538-544.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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abstract = "Background: Head motion, an important factor in acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), can be broken down into translational and rotational elements. We used three-dimensional finite element analysis to examine the thresholds of angular and tangential acceleration required to tear bridging veins in humans during head impact. Methods: The lengths of midsagittal and parasagittal bridging veins were calculated first. To assess the effect of translational and rotational acceleration, the strain of each vein was then computed under three different motions. The threshold of ASDH was expressed in terms of tangential and rotational acceleration. Results: Deformation-angle histories of the midsagittal and parasagittal bridging veins showed that veins that drain forward into the superior sinus at a 130-degree angle incurred the greatest stretch strain during occipital impact. In the midsagittal plane, pure rotation induced greater stretch strain on these veins (14.4{\%}) than pure translation (2.5{\%}) or combined translation and rotation motion (10.4{\%}). A tangential acceleration of 3,912.9 G or an angular acceleration of 71.2 krad/s2 seemed to approximate the threshold for ASDH in the human midsagittal plane, whereas 5,010.9 G and 97.4 krad/s2 approximated the threshold in the parasagittal plane. Conclusion: Impact direction and orientation of bridging veins are both important factors in ASDH. Threshold criteria for ASDH can be expressed in terms of tangential and rotational acceleration.",
keywords = "Acute subdural hematoma, Biomechanics, Bridging vein, Finite element",
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N2 - Background: Head motion, an important factor in acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), can be broken down into translational and rotational elements. We used three-dimensional finite element analysis to examine the thresholds of angular and tangential acceleration required to tear bridging veins in humans during head impact. Methods: The lengths of midsagittal and parasagittal bridging veins were calculated first. To assess the effect of translational and rotational acceleration, the strain of each vein was then computed under three different motions. The threshold of ASDH was expressed in terms of tangential and rotational acceleration. Results: Deformation-angle histories of the midsagittal and parasagittal bridging veins showed that veins that drain forward into the superior sinus at a 130-degree angle incurred the greatest stretch strain during occipital impact. In the midsagittal plane, pure rotation induced greater stretch strain on these veins (14.4%) than pure translation (2.5%) or combined translation and rotation motion (10.4%). A tangential acceleration of 3,912.9 G or an angular acceleration of 71.2 krad/s2 seemed to approximate the threshold for ASDH in the human midsagittal plane, whereas 5,010.9 G and 97.4 krad/s2 approximated the threshold in the parasagittal plane. Conclusion: Impact direction and orientation of bridging veins are both important factors in ASDH. Threshold criteria for ASDH can be expressed in terms of tangential and rotational acceleration.

AB - Background: Head motion, an important factor in acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), can be broken down into translational and rotational elements. We used three-dimensional finite element analysis to examine the thresholds of angular and tangential acceleration required to tear bridging veins in humans during head impact. Methods: The lengths of midsagittal and parasagittal bridging veins were calculated first. To assess the effect of translational and rotational acceleration, the strain of each vein was then computed under three different motions. The threshold of ASDH was expressed in terms of tangential and rotational acceleration. Results: Deformation-angle histories of the midsagittal and parasagittal bridging veins showed that veins that drain forward into the superior sinus at a 130-degree angle incurred the greatest stretch strain during occipital impact. In the midsagittal plane, pure rotation induced greater stretch strain on these veins (14.4%) than pure translation (2.5%) or combined translation and rotation motion (10.4%). A tangential acceleration of 3,912.9 G or an angular acceleration of 71.2 krad/s2 seemed to approximate the threshold for ASDH in the human midsagittal plane, whereas 5,010.9 G and 97.4 krad/s2 approximated the threshold in the parasagittal plane. Conclusion: Impact direction and orientation of bridging veins are both important factors in ASDH. Threshold criteria for ASDH can be expressed in terms of tangential and rotational acceleration.

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