The role of the CPNKEKEC sequence in the β2 subunit I domain in regulation of integrin αLβ2 (LFA-1)

Tetsuji Kamata, Kenneth Khiem Tieu, Takehiko Tarui, Wilma Puzon-McLaughlin, Nancy Hogg, Yoshikazu Takada

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

43 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The αL I (inserted or interactive) domain of integrin αLβ2 undergoes conformational changes upon activation. Recent studies show that the isolated, activated αL I domain is sufficient for strong ligand binding, suggesting the β2 subunit to be only indirectly involved. It has been unclear whether the activity of the αL I domain is regulated by the β2 subunit. In this study, we demonstrate that swapping the disulfide-linked CPNKEKEC sequence (residues 169-176) in the β2 I domain with a corresponding β3 sequence, or mutating Lys174 to Thr, constitutively activates αLβ2 binding to ICAM-1. These mutants do not require Mn2+ for ICAM-1 binding and are insensitive to the inhibitory effect of Ca2+. We have also localized a component of the mAb 24 epitope (a reporter of β2 integrin activation) in the CPNKEKEC sequence. Glu173 and Glu175 of the β2 I domain are identified as critical for mAb 24 binding. Because the epitope is highly expressed upon β2 integrin activation, it is likely that the CPNKEKEC sequence is exposed or undergoes conformational changes upon activation. Deletion of the αL I domain did not eliminate the mAb 24 epitope. This confirms that the αL I domain is not critical for mAb 24 binding, and indicates that mAb 24 detects a change expressed in part in the β2 subunit I domain. These results suggest that the CPNKEKEC sequence of the β2 I domain is involved in regulating the αL I domain.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)2296-2301
頁數6
期刊Journal of Immunology
168
發行號5
出版狀態已發佈 - 三月 1 2002
對外發佈Yes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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