The Role of Active Engagement of Peer Observation in the Acquisition of Surgical Skills in Virtual Reality Tasks for Novices

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

Objective: Peer-assisted learning has been regarded as an adjunct to teaching modalities. It remains inconclusive regarding the benefits of peer observation in skills learning. Hence, we investigated whether the active engagement (AE)of peer observation in addition to expert demonstration would facilitate the performance in the virtual reality (VR)tasks. Setting/Design: The programs involved 4 VR tasks including basic (camera targeting), intermediate (energy dissection and energy switching), and advanced (suture sponge)tasks in the da Vinci Skills Simulators, which were set up in the operating room at Taipei Medical University Hospital. Fifty medical students participated in the study. The AE of the participants was defined as the total number of peer observations in addition to expert observation before their performance. We assessed the correlations between AE and surgical task performance using Pearson correlation and the concept of learning analytics. Participants: Medical students (sixth-year students in Taiwan, equivalent to fourth-year students in the US system)from Taipei Medical University were recruited. Results: AE was correlated with the energy dissection task (r = 0.329, p = 0.02)and marginally associated with the energy switching task (r = 0.271, p = 0.057). However, AE was not correlated with either task scores for camera targeting (r = 0.096, p = 0.509)or task scores for suture sponge (r = −0.091, p = 0.529). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that AE of peer observation may facilitate learning energy dissection task, which is an intermediate-level task, but not in other basic or advanced tasks in a VR context. The study highlights the potential effect of AE of peer observation on surgical learning based on a distinct level of tasks. Tasks that fit the learners’ level are recommended. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of peer observation on surgical training still has to be explored to ensure favorable results and optimal learning outcomes.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1655-1662
頁數8
期刊Journal of Surgical Education
76
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十一月 1 2019

指紋

virtual reality
Observation
Learning
energy
learning
Dissection
Porifera
Medical Students
Sutures
medical student
expert
Students
performance
Task Performance and Analysis
Operating Rooms
Taiwan
Teaching
student

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education

引用此文

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title = "The Role of Active Engagement of Peer Observation in the Acquisition of Surgical Skills in Virtual Reality Tasks for Novices",
abstract = "Objective: Peer-assisted learning has been regarded as an adjunct to teaching modalities. It remains inconclusive regarding the benefits of peer observation in skills learning. Hence, we investigated whether the active engagement (AE)of peer observation in addition to expert demonstration would facilitate the performance in the virtual reality (VR)tasks. Setting/Design: The programs involved 4 VR tasks including basic (camera targeting), intermediate (energy dissection and energy switching), and advanced (suture sponge)tasks in the da Vinci Skills Simulators, which were set up in the operating room at Taipei Medical University Hospital. Fifty medical students participated in the study. The AE of the participants was defined as the total number of peer observations in addition to expert observation before their performance. We assessed the correlations between AE and surgical task performance using Pearson correlation and the concept of learning analytics. Participants: Medical students (sixth-year students in Taiwan, equivalent to fourth-year students in the US system)from Taipei Medical University were recruited. Results: AE was correlated with the energy dissection task (r = 0.329, p = 0.02)and marginally associated with the energy switching task (r = 0.271, p = 0.057). However, AE was not correlated with either task scores for camera targeting (r = 0.096, p = 0.509)or task scores for suture sponge (r = −0.091, p = 0.529). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that AE of peer observation may facilitate learning energy dissection task, which is an intermediate-level task, but not in other basic or advanced tasks in a VR context. The study highlights the potential effect of AE of peer observation on surgical learning based on a distinct level of tasks. Tasks that fit the learners’ level are recommended. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of peer observation on surgical training still has to be explored to ensure favorable results and optimal learning outcomes.",
keywords = "collaborative learning, observational learning, Patient Care, peer-assisted learning, Practice-Based Learning and Improvement, robotic surgery, surgical simulation, virtual reality",
author = "Chiu, {Hsin Yi} and Kang, {Yi No} and Wang, {Wei Lin} and Chen, {Chia Che} and Wayne Hsu and Tseng, {Mei Feng} and Wei, {Po Li}",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jsurg.2019.05.004",
language = "English",
volume = "76",
pages = "1655--1662",
journal = "Journal of Surgical Education",
issn = "1931-7204",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
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T1 - The Role of Active Engagement of Peer Observation in the Acquisition of Surgical Skills in Virtual Reality Tasks for Novices

AU - Chiu, Hsin Yi

AU - Kang, Yi No

AU - Wang, Wei Lin

AU - Chen, Chia Che

AU - Hsu, Wayne

AU - Tseng, Mei Feng

AU - Wei, Po Li

PY - 2019/11/1

Y1 - 2019/11/1

N2 - Objective: Peer-assisted learning has been regarded as an adjunct to teaching modalities. It remains inconclusive regarding the benefits of peer observation in skills learning. Hence, we investigated whether the active engagement (AE)of peer observation in addition to expert demonstration would facilitate the performance in the virtual reality (VR)tasks. Setting/Design: The programs involved 4 VR tasks including basic (camera targeting), intermediate (energy dissection and energy switching), and advanced (suture sponge)tasks in the da Vinci Skills Simulators, which were set up in the operating room at Taipei Medical University Hospital. Fifty medical students participated in the study. The AE of the participants was defined as the total number of peer observations in addition to expert observation before their performance. We assessed the correlations between AE and surgical task performance using Pearson correlation and the concept of learning analytics. Participants: Medical students (sixth-year students in Taiwan, equivalent to fourth-year students in the US system)from Taipei Medical University were recruited. Results: AE was correlated with the energy dissection task (r = 0.329, p = 0.02)and marginally associated with the energy switching task (r = 0.271, p = 0.057). However, AE was not correlated with either task scores for camera targeting (r = 0.096, p = 0.509)or task scores for suture sponge (r = −0.091, p = 0.529). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that AE of peer observation may facilitate learning energy dissection task, which is an intermediate-level task, but not in other basic or advanced tasks in a VR context. The study highlights the potential effect of AE of peer observation on surgical learning based on a distinct level of tasks. Tasks that fit the learners’ level are recommended. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of peer observation on surgical training still has to be explored to ensure favorable results and optimal learning outcomes.

AB - Objective: Peer-assisted learning has been regarded as an adjunct to teaching modalities. It remains inconclusive regarding the benefits of peer observation in skills learning. Hence, we investigated whether the active engagement (AE)of peer observation in addition to expert demonstration would facilitate the performance in the virtual reality (VR)tasks. Setting/Design: The programs involved 4 VR tasks including basic (camera targeting), intermediate (energy dissection and energy switching), and advanced (suture sponge)tasks in the da Vinci Skills Simulators, which were set up in the operating room at Taipei Medical University Hospital. Fifty medical students participated in the study. The AE of the participants was defined as the total number of peer observations in addition to expert observation before their performance. We assessed the correlations between AE and surgical task performance using Pearson correlation and the concept of learning analytics. Participants: Medical students (sixth-year students in Taiwan, equivalent to fourth-year students in the US system)from Taipei Medical University were recruited. Results: AE was correlated with the energy dissection task (r = 0.329, p = 0.02)and marginally associated with the energy switching task (r = 0.271, p = 0.057). However, AE was not correlated with either task scores for camera targeting (r = 0.096, p = 0.509)or task scores for suture sponge (r = −0.091, p = 0.529). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that AE of peer observation may facilitate learning energy dissection task, which is an intermediate-level task, but not in other basic or advanced tasks in a VR context. The study highlights the potential effect of AE of peer observation on surgical learning based on a distinct level of tasks. Tasks that fit the learners’ level are recommended. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of peer observation on surgical training still has to be explored to ensure favorable results and optimal learning outcomes.

KW - collaborative learning

KW - observational learning

KW - Patient Care

KW - peer-assisted learning

KW - Practice-Based Learning and Improvement

KW - robotic surgery

KW - surgical simulation

KW - virtual reality

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