Whether the mechanical axis should be restored to neutral remains controversial when the patient has marked coronal femoral bowing. Eighty-four total knee arthroplasties were retrospectively reviewed. In the neutral-aligned group A the immediate postoperative mechanical axis of 179 ± 1° held stable (P = 0.841). The postoperative mechanical axis decreased from 176. ± 1° to 173. ± 1° (P = 0.024) in the outlier group. Progressive varus in the outlier group at follow-up was probably due implant instability and ligament imbalance as well as excessive polyethylene wear. At a mean follow-up of 75.8. months, no statistically significant difference was detected between the two groups. Long-term follow up will be needed to determine if the maintenance in radiographic results translates to better clinical outcomes.
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