In December 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic began to ravage the world quickly, causing unprecedented losses in human life and the economy. A statistical study revealed that the proportion of solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients with severe symptoms and deaths after being infected by SARS-CoV-2 is considerably higher than that of non-SOT recipients, and the prognosis is relatively poor. In addition, the clinical manifestation of SOT recipients suffering from COVID-19 is different from that of general COVID-19 patients. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in COVID-19 patients, and it is likely more common among SOT recipients infected with SARS-CoV-2. Clinical experts consider that SOT recipients have long-term treatment with immunosuppressants, and the comorbidities are driven by a high rate of severe symptoms and mortality. Orthotopic kidney allograft transplantation is an effective treatment for patients suffering from end-stage kidney disease/kidney failure through which they can easily extend their life. Indeed, kidney transplant recipients have suffered significant damage during this pandemic. To effectively reduce the severity of symptoms and mortality of kidney transplant recipients suffering from COVID-19, precise application of various drugs, particularly immunosuppressants, is necessary. Therefore, herein, we will collate the current clinical experience of treating COVID-19 infection in kidney transplant recipients and discuss the adjustment of patients using immunosuppressive agents in the face of COVID-19.
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