The impact of chronic hepatitis B infection on major adverse cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality in patients with diabetes: A nationwide population-based study from Taiwan

Chin Sung Kuo, Yung Tai Chen, Chien Yi Hsu, Chun Chin Chang, Ruey Hsing Chou, Szu Yuan Li, Shu Chen Kuo, Po Hsun Huang, Jaw Wen Chen, Shing Jong Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

4 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objectives: The association between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and cardiovascular disease remains uncertain. This study explored long-term hard endpoints (ie, myocardial infarction and ischaemic stroke) and all-cause mortality in diabetic patients with chronic HBV infection in Taiwan from 2000 to 2013. Design: This study was retrospective, longitudinal and propensity score-matched. Setting Nationwide claims data for the period 2000-2013 were retrieved from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Participants: The study included 40 162 diabetic patients with chronic HBV infection (HBV cohort) and 40 162 propensity score-matched diabetic patients without HBV infection (control cohort). Chronic HBV infection was identified based on three or more outpatient clinic visits or one hospital admission with a diagnosis of HBV infection. Main outcome measures: Primary outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, including myocardial infarction and ischaemic stroke), heart failure and all-cause mortality. Results: During the median follow-up period of 5.3±3.4 years, the HBV cohort had significantly lower risks of myocardial infarction (adjusted HR (aHR)=0.49; 95% CI 0.42 to 0.56), ischaemic stroke (aHR=0.61; 95% CI 0.56 to 0.67), heart failure (aHR=0.50; 95% CI 0.43 to 0.59) and all-cause mortality (aHR=0.72; 95% CI 0.70 to 0.75) compared with the control cohort. The impact of HBV infection on the sequential risk of MACE was greater in patients with fewer diabetic complications. Conclusions: Chronic HBV infection was associated with decreased risk of MACE, heart failure and all-cause mortality in patients with diabetes. Further research is needed to investigate the mechanism underlying these findings.

原文英語
文章編號e016179
期刊BMJ Open
7
發行號8
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 八月 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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