The Genetic Architecture of Depression in Individuals of East Asian Ancestry: A Genome-Wide Association Study

Olga Giannakopoulou, Kuang Lin, Xiangrui Meng, Mei Hsin Su, Po Hsiu Kuo, Roseann E. Peterson, Swapnil Awasthi, Arden Moscati, Jonathan R.I. Coleman, Nick Bass, Iona Y. Millwood, Yiping Chen, Zhengming Chen, Hsi Chung Chen, Mong Liang Lu, Ming Chyi Huang, Chun Hsin Chen, Eli A. Stahl, Ruth J.F. Loos, Niamh MullinsRobert J. Ursano, Ronald C. Kessler, Murray B. Stein, Srijan Sen, Laura J. Scott, Margit Burmeister, Yu Fang, Jess Tyrrell, Yunxuan Jiang, Chao Tian, Andrew M. McIntosh, Stephan Ripke, Erin C. Dunn, Kenneth S. Kendler, Robin G. Walters, Cathryn M. Lewis, Karoline Kuchenbaecker

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6 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Importance: Most previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of depression have used data from individuals of European descent. This limits the understanding of the underlying biology of depression and raises questions about the transferability of findings between populations. Objective: To investigate the genetics of depression among individuals of East Asian and European descent living in different geographic locations, and with different outcome definitions for depression. Design, Setting, and Participants: Genome-wide association analyses followed by meta-analysis, which included data from 9 cohort and case-control data sets comprising individuals with depression and control individuals of East Asian descent. This study was conducted between January 2019 and May 2021. Exposures: Associations of genetic variants with depression risk were assessed using generalized linear mixed models and logistic regression. The results were combined across studies using fixed-effects meta-analyses. These were subsequently also meta-analyzed with the largest published GWAS for depression among individuals of European descent. Additional meta-analyses were carried out separately by outcome definition (clinical depression vs symptom-based depression) and region (East Asian countries vs Western countries) for East Asian ancestry cohorts. Main Outcomes and Measures: Depression status was defined based on health records and self-report questionnaires. Results: There were a total of 194548 study participants (approximate mean age, 51.3 years; 62.8% women). Participants included 15771 individuals with depression and 178777 control individuals of East Asian descent. Five novel associations were identified, including 1 in the meta-analysis for broad depression among those of East Asian descent: rs4656484 (β = -0.018, SE = 0.003, P = 4.43x10-8) at 1q24.1. Another locus at 7p21.2 was associated in a meta-analysis restricted to geographically East Asian studies (β = 0.028, SE = 0.005, P = 6.48x10-9 for rs10240457). The lead variants of these 2 novel loci were not associated with depression risk in European ancestry cohorts (β = -0.003, SE = 0.005, P =.53 for rs4656484 and β = -0.005, SE = 0.004, P =.28 for rs10240457). Only 11% of depression loci previously identified in individuals of European descent reached nominal significance levels in the individuals of East Asian descent. The transancestry genetic correlation between cohorts of East Asian and European descent for clinical depression was r = 0.413 (SE = 0.159). Clinical depression risk was negatively genetically correlated with body mass index in individuals of East Asian descent (r = -0.212, SE = 0.084), contrary to findings for individuals of European descent. Conclusions and Relevance: These results support caution against generalizing findings about depression risk factors across populations and highlight the need to increase the ancestral and geographic diversity of samples with consistent phenotyping.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1258-1269
頁數12
期刊JAMA Psychiatry
78
發行號11
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 11月 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 精神病學和心理健康

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