As one of the most common genetic conditions, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a fatal disease caused by a recessive mutation resulting in muscle weakness in both voluntary and involuntary muscles and, eventually, in death because of cardiovascular failure. Currently, there is no pharmacologically curative treatment of DMD, but there is evidence supporting that mesenchy-mal stem cells (MSCs) are a novel solution for treating DMD. This systematic review focused on elucidating the therapeutic efficacy of MSCs on the DMD in vivo model. A key issue of previous studies was the material‐choice, naïve MSCs or modified MSCs; modified MSCs are activated by culture methods or genetic modification. In summary, MSCs seem to improve pulmonary and cardiac functions and thereby improve survival regardless of them being naïve or modified. The improved function of distal skeletal muscles was observed only with primed MSCs treatment but not naïve MSCs. While MSCs can provide significant benefits to DMD mouse models, there is little to no data on the results in human patients. Due to the limited number of human studies, the differences in study design, and the insufficient understanding of mechanisms of action, more rigorous comparative trials are needed to elucidate which types of MSCs and modifications have optimal therapeutic potential.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)