The effect of various types of motorcycle helmets on cervical spine injury in head injury patients

A multicenter study in Taiwan

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

12 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Introduction. The relationship between cervical spine injury (CSI) and helmet in head injury (HI) patients following motorcycle crashes is crucial. Controversy still exists; therefore we evaluated the effect of various types of helmets on CSI in HI patients following motorcycle crashes and researched the mechanism of this effect. Patients and Methods. A total of 5225 patients of motorcycle crashes between 2000 and 2009 were extracted from the Head Injury Registry in Taiwan. These patients were divided into case and control groups according to the presence of concomitant CSI. Helmet use and types were separately compared between the two groups and the odds ratio of CSI was obtained by using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results. We observed that 173 (3.3%) of the HI patients were associated with CSI. The HI patients using a helmet (odds ratio (OR) = 0.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.19-0.49), full-coverage helmet (0.19, 0.10-0.36), and partial-coverage helmet (0.35, 0.21-0.56) exhibited a significantly decreased rate of CSI compared with those without a helmet. Conclusion. Wearing full-coverage and partial-coverage helmets significantly reduced the risk of CSI among HI patients following motorcycle crashes. This effect may be due to the smooth surface and hard padding materials of helmet.

原文英語
文章編號487985
期刊BioMed Research International
2015
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2015

指紋

Motorcycles
Head Protective Devices
Taiwan
Craniocerebral Trauma
Multicenter Studies
Spine
Wounds and Injuries
Regression analysis
Logistics
Odds Ratio
Registries
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Confidence Intervals
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

引用此文

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title = "The effect of various types of motorcycle helmets on cervical spine injury in head injury patients: A multicenter study in Taiwan",
abstract = "Introduction. The relationship between cervical spine injury (CSI) and helmet in head injury (HI) patients following motorcycle crashes is crucial. Controversy still exists; therefore we evaluated the effect of various types of helmets on CSI in HI patients following motorcycle crashes and researched the mechanism of this effect. Patients and Methods. A total of 5225 patients of motorcycle crashes between 2000 and 2009 were extracted from the Head Injury Registry in Taiwan. These patients were divided into case and control groups according to the presence of concomitant CSI. Helmet use and types were separately compared between the two groups and the odds ratio of CSI was obtained by using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results. We observed that 173 (3.3{\%}) of the HI patients were associated with CSI. The HI patients using a helmet (odds ratio (OR) = 0.31, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) = 0.19-0.49), full-coverage helmet (0.19, 0.10-0.36), and partial-coverage helmet (0.35, 0.21-0.56) exhibited a significantly decreased rate of CSI compared with those without a helmet. Conclusion. Wearing full-coverage and partial-coverage helmets significantly reduced the risk of CSI among HI patients following motorcycle crashes. This effect may be due to the smooth surface and hard padding materials of helmet.",
author = "Carlos Lam and Lin, {Mau Roung} and Chu, {Shu Fen} and Tsai, {Shin Han} and Bai, {Chyi Huey} and Chiu, {Wen Ta}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1155/2015/487985",
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AU - Bai, Chyi Huey

AU - Chiu, Wen Ta

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