The effect of cognitive-based training for the healthy older people

A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Huei Ling Chiu, Hsin Chu, Jui Chen Tsai, Doresses Liu, Ying Ren Chen, Hui Ling Yang, Kuei Ru Chou

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

9 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Background From the perspective of disease prevention, the enhancement of cognitive function among the healthy older people has become an important issue in many countries lately. This study aim to investigate the effect of cognitive-based training on the overall cognitive function, memory, attention, executive function, and visual-spatial ability of the healthy older people. Methods Cochrane, PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL of selected randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and previous systematic reviews were searched for eligible studies. The population focused on this study were healthy older people who participated in randomized controlled trials that investigated the effectiveness of cognitive-based training. The outcomes including change in overall cognitive function, memory, attention, executive function, and visual-spatial ability. Results We collected a total of 31 RCTs, the results showed that cognitive-based training has a moderate effect on overall cognitive function (g = 0.419; 95%CI = 0.205-0.634) and executive function (g = 0.420; 95%CI = 0.239-0.602), and a small effect on the memory (g = 0.354; 95%CI = 0.244-0.465), attention (g = 0.218; 95%CI = 0.125-0.311), and visual-spatial ability (g = 0.183;95%CI = 0.015-0.352) in healthy older people. Subgroup analysis indicated the intervention characteristics of ≥3 times each week (p = 0.042), ≥8 total training weeks (p = 0.003) and ≥24 total training sessions (p = 0.040) yields a greater effect size. Conclusions Cognitive-based training is effective for the healthy older people. This improvement can represent a clinically important benefit, provide information about the use of cognitive-based training in healthy older people, and help the healthy older people obtain the greatest possible benefit in health promotion and disease prevention.

原文英語
文章編號e0176742
期刊PLoS One
12
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 五月 1 2017

指紋

meta-analysis
Cognition
Meta-Analysis
Executive Function
Randomized Controlled Trials
cognition
disease prevention
Data storage equipment
Health Promotion
PubMed
MEDLINE
health promotion
systematic review
Population
Spatial Navigation
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

引用此文

The effect of cognitive-based training for the healthy older people : A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. / Chiu, Huei Ling; Chu, Hsin; Tsai, Jui Chen; Liu, Doresses; Chen, Ying Ren; Yang, Hui Ling; Chou, Kuei Ru.

於: PLoS One, 卷 12, 編號 5, e0176742, 01.05.2017.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

Chiu, Huei Ling ; Chu, Hsin ; Tsai, Jui Chen ; Liu, Doresses ; Chen, Ying Ren ; Yang, Hui Ling ; Chou, Kuei Ru. / The effect of cognitive-based training for the healthy older people : A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. 於: PLoS One. 2017 ; 卷 12, 編號 5.
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abstract = "Background From the perspective of disease prevention, the enhancement of cognitive function among the healthy older people has become an important issue in many countries lately. This study aim to investigate the effect of cognitive-based training on the overall cognitive function, memory, attention, executive function, and visual-spatial ability of the healthy older people. Methods Cochrane, PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL of selected randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and previous systematic reviews were searched for eligible studies. The population focused on this study were healthy older people who participated in randomized controlled trials that investigated the effectiveness of cognitive-based training. The outcomes including change in overall cognitive function, memory, attention, executive function, and visual-spatial ability. Results We collected a total of 31 RCTs, the results showed that cognitive-based training has a moderate effect on overall cognitive function (g = 0.419; 95{\%}CI = 0.205-0.634) and executive function (g = 0.420; 95{\%}CI = 0.239-0.602), and a small effect on the memory (g = 0.354; 95{\%}CI = 0.244-0.465), attention (g = 0.218; 95{\%}CI = 0.125-0.311), and visual-spatial ability (g = 0.183;95{\%}CI = 0.015-0.352) in healthy older people. Subgroup analysis indicated the intervention characteristics of ≥3 times each week (p = 0.042), ≥8 total training weeks (p = 0.003) and ≥24 total training sessions (p = 0.040) yields a greater effect size. Conclusions Cognitive-based training is effective for the healthy older people. This improvement can represent a clinically important benefit, provide information about the use of cognitive-based training in healthy older people, and help the healthy older people obtain the greatest possible benefit in health promotion and disease prevention.",
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