Temporal expression of PDGF receptors and PDGF regulatory effects on osteoblastic cells in mineralizing cultures

Xiaohui Yu, Sung Chih Hsieh, Wei Bao, Dana T. Graves

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

48 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is mitogenic and chemotactic for osteoblastic cells in vitro. It is expressed during osseous wound healing and stimulates formation of new bone in vivo. PDGF stimulates cells by binding to specific cell surface receptors. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of PDGF on osteoblastic proliferation and differentiation in long- term mineralizing cultures. Utilizing Northern blot analysis, we found that continuous PDGF treatment increased histone expression, indicative of enhanced proliferation, but suppressed osteoblast differentiation, demonstrated by inhibition of alkaline phosphatase, type I collagen, and osteocalcin expression. The inhibitory effect of PDGF on the differentiated function of osteoblasts was further established by findings that PDGF significantly inhibited nodule formation. The expression of PDGF receptors varied at different stages of culture. PDGF receptor mRNA expression increased when the cells had achieved a mature phenotype, during the stage of matrix maturation, and then decreased. However, as demonstrated by thyroidine incorporation assays, the capacity of PDGF to stimulate DNA synthesis actually decreased during osteoblast maturation, as receptor expression increased. To investigate this apparent contradiction, tyrosyl phosphorylation and immunoblot assays were performed to assess changes in PDGF activation of their cognate receptors. The pattern of PDGF-induced tyrosyl phosphorylation remained relatively constant. This suggests that the diminished mitogenic activity of PDGF that occurs after osteoblast differentiation is regulated at a postreceptor level.
原文英語
期刊American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
272
發行號5 41-5
出版狀態已發佈 - 1997
對外發佈Yes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

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