The L1 cell adhesion molecule (L1CAM) has been implicated in tumor progression of many types of cancers, but its role in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has not been investigated. In the present study, we demonstrated overexpression of L1CAM in OSCC cells, but not in normal keratinocytes, using both clinical specimens and cell lines. This overexpression demonstrated a strong correlation with less differentiation and a higher invasion potential of cancer cells, supporting the significance of L1CAM in human OSCC tumor progression. Targeting L1CAM gene expression in SCC4 cells overexpressing L1CAM using a lentivirus-mediated small hairpin RNA (shRNA) led to a significant reduction in cell proliferation in vitro via retardation of cell cycle at the G1 phase. In addition, shRNA knockdown of L1CAM strongly attenuated the migration and invasion of SCC4 cells, and this was also observed to parallel increased E-cadherin levels and decreased levels of vimentin, fibronectin, and Snail-family transcription factors, indicating that L1CAM expression was related to the epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Furthermore, while mice receiving orthotopically placed control SCC4 cells died within 40 days due to invasive tumor growth and regional lymph node metastasis, prolonged animal survival and complete suppression of tumor progression was observed in mice implanted with L1CAM-deficent SCC4 cells, further substantiating the fundamental importance of L1CAM in OSCC pathophysiology. Our findings suggested that L1CAM is a critical mediator of tumor progression in OSCC, and targeting L1CAM using lentivirus-mediated shRNA may be a useful molecular pharmaceutical approach for the treatment of advanced OSCC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery
Hung, S. C., Wu, I. H., Hsue, S. S., Liao, C. H., Wang, H. C., Chuang, P. H., Sung, S. Y., & Hsieh, C. L. (2010). Targeting L1 cell adhesion molecule using lentivirus-mediated short hairpin RNA interference reverses aggressiveness of oral squamous cell carcinoma. Molecular Pharmaceutics, 7(6), 2312-2323. https://doi.org/10.1021/mp1002834