This work describes a novel method based on a metal salt-free system to synthesize a Li-Al-CO3 layered double hydroxide (LDH) by simply adding powdered AlLi intermetallic compound (IMC) to a stirred water-bath at ambient temperature and atmosphere. The AlLi powder in the water-bath hydrolyzed strongly, subsequently forming an alkaline Al3+- and Li +-containing aqueous solution of pH 12.3. Additionally, dissolution of CO2 gas from the ambient atmosphere into the stirred alkaline solution produced the anion, CO32-, in the solution to form Li-Al-CO3 LDH. Washing in water was unnecessary because metal salts were not used to synthesize the LDH. Notably, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results indicate that nano-sized Al particles were incorporated on the surface of Li-Al-CO3 LDH flakes. Chemical analysis data suggest that the chemical formula of Li-Al-CO3 LDH was Li 0.33Al0.67(CO3)0.17(OH) 2·mH2O. This work also investigates the removal of the fluoride ions from an aqueous solution by using Li-Al-CO3 LDH. Experimentally, residual fluoride concentration decreased to 0.4 ppm with an initial concentration of 20 ppm, which satisfies World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for drinking water quality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化學 (全部)