There have been intensive studies on the differentiation of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) into endothelial cells. We investigated the endothelial differentiation of placenta-derived multipotent cells (PDMCs), a population of CD34-/CD133-/Flk-1- cells. PDMCs were cultured in basal media or media containing endothelial growth factors (EGM), including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), for 3 days and then subjected to shear stress of 6 or 12 dyn/cm2 for 24 h. Culture of PDMCs in EGM under static conditions resulted in significant increases in VEGF receptor-1 (Flt-1) and receptor-2 (Flk-1) expression. Application of shear stress at 12 dyn/cm2 to these cells led to significant increases in their expression of von Willebrand Factor and platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 at both the gene and protein levels. Shear stress at 6 dyn/cm2 had lesser effects. Uptakes of acetylated low-density lipoproteins as well as formation of tube-like structures on Matrigel were significantly increased after subjecting to shear stress of 12 dyn/cm2 for 24 h. Our findings suggest that the combined use of endothelial growth factors and high shear stress is synergistic for the endothelial differentiation of PDMCs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Biomedical Engineering