Susceptibility of clinical isolates of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and phenotypic non-extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae to ceftaroline in Taiwan: Results from Antimicrobial Testing Leadership and Surveillance (ATLAS) in 2012–2018 and Surveillance of Multicentre Antimicrobial Resistance in Taiwan (SMART) in 2018–2019

SMART Study Group

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

5 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Data on ceftaroline (CPT) susceptibility amongst clinical isolates of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, n=1284) and phenotypic non-extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing (non-ESBL-P) Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=466), obtained from the Antimicrobial Testing Leadership and Surveillance (ATLAS) programme from 2012 to 2018, and selected MRSA isolates from patients with bloodstream infections (BSIs) (n=95) from the Surveillance of Multicentre Antimicrobial Resistance in Taiwan (SMART) programme from 2018 to 2019 were analysed. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ATLAS isolates were determined using the broth microdilution method, whereas the MICs of SMART BSI-MRSA isolates were determined using the Etest and MicroScan system. The pharmacokinetic profiles and pharmacodynamic parameters of CPT were applied to explore the optimal dosage against infections caused by Taiwanese MRSA and K. pneumoniae isolates. Approximately 7.1% of ATLAS MRSA isolates were susceptible-dose dependent (S-DD) to CPT, and 19.7% of the non-ESBL-P K. pneumoniae isolates were not susceptible to CPT. Amongst the ATLAS MRSA isolates, the S-DD rates to CPT amongst isolates causing lower respiratory tract infections were 11.9% and 8.5% for isolates from intensive care units (ICUs) and general wards (GWs), and those causing skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) were 20% and 5.3% for isolates from ICUs and GWs, respectively (P=0.015). Of the SSTI MRSA isolates from GWs, 22.7% displayed vancomycin MICs >1 mg/L. Amongst 95 SMART BSI MRSA isolates, 28 (46.7%) isolates exhibited lower CPT MICs by the Etest compared with 60 isolates with CPT MICs of 1–2 mg/L by the MicroScan system. CPT 600 mg as a 2-h intravenous infusion every 8 h is suggested for treatment of infections caused by MRSA and phenotypic non-ESBL-P K. pneumoniae in Taiwan.

原文英語
文章編號106016
期刊International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
56
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 七月 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 微生物學(醫學)
  • 傳染性疾病
  • 藥學(醫學)

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