Surgical outcomes of patients with primary aldosteronism lateralized with I-131-6 β-iodomethyl-norcholesterol single photon emission/computed tomography without discontinuation or modification of antihypertensive medications

Chia Hui Chang, Stephen Yang, Yao Chou Tsai, Shi Wen Kuo, Shiou Chi Cherng, Ching Chu Lu, Ruoh Fang Yen, Vin Cent Wu, Ya Hui Hu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

Objectives: Adrenocortical scintigraphy for patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) without discontinuation or modification of antihypertensive medications is of concern because of drug interference with the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. We report the surgical outcomes of patients with PA lateralized with adrenocortical scintigraphy without drug discontinuation or modification. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 34 patients with PA with computed tomography (CT)-documented adrenal tumors who had undergoing subsequent I-131-6 β-iodomethyl-norcholesterol (NP-59) single photon emission CT (SPECT)/CT followed by unilateral adrenalectomy according to the results of NP-59 uptake between May 2005 and December 2014. All enrolled patients underwent standard confirmatory tests and lateralization with NP-59 SPECT/CT without discontinuation of existing antihypertensive medications, including spironolactone. The pathological findings, hypertension outcomes, and biochemical changes were reported. The accuracy of NP-59 SPECT/CT without drug discontinuation or modification was also evaluated. Results: None of the 34 enrolled patients (M:F = 16:18) had complications such as a hypertensive crisis, life-threatening hypokalemic event, or cardiac arrhythmia. Pathology disclosed 31 (91%) adenomas and three cases of hyperplasia. Hypertension cure and improvement were observed in 12 (35%) and 18 (53%) patients, respectively. All of the 30 patients (100%) without postoperative use of beta-blockers and with an available postoperative aldosterone/renin ratio achieved a biochemical cure. The positive predictive values of NP-59 SPECT/CT were 91%, 88%, and 100% for the pathological findings, hypertension outcomes, and biochemical changes, respectively. Conclusion: Noninvasive NP-59 SPECT/CT without discontinuation or modification of antihypertensive medications not only provided accurate lateralization and safety but also resulted in a high improvement rate for PA-associated hypertension.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)169-175
頁數7
期刊Tzu Chi Medical Journal
30
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 七月 1 2018
對外發佈Yes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

指紋 深入研究「Surgical outcomes of patients with primary aldosteronism lateralized with I-131-6 β-iodomethyl-norcholesterol single photon emission/computed tomography without discontinuation or modification of antihypertensive medications」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此