In the present study, plasma nitriding of AISI type 303 austenitic stainless steel (SS) specimens was performed using a microwave system. The nitrided layers were characterized by performing scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and a Vickers microhardness test. The antibacterial activities of the nitrided layers were evaluated. XRD and TEM showed that a single γN phase was formed by plasma nitriding at the plasma power of 700W and 450°C. The analytical results demonstrated that the hardness of type 303 specimens could be enhanced by plasma nitriding because of the formation of the γN phase. A bacterial test also demonstrated that the nitrided layer exhibited excellent antibacterial properties.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化學 (全部)