Suppression of human platelet activation via integrin αiibβ3 outside-in independent signal and reduction of the mortality in pulmonary thrombosis by auraptene

Chih Wei Hsia, Cheng Lin Tsai, Joen Rong Sheu, Wan Jung Lu, Chih Hsuan Hsia, Marappan Velusamy, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Jiun Yi Li

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Auraptene is the most abundant coumarin derivative from plants. The pharmacological value of this compound has been well demonstrated, especially in the prevention of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. Platelet activation is a major factor contributing to arterial thrombosis. Thus, this study evaluated the influence of auraptene in platelet aggregation and thrombotic formation. Auraptene inhibited platelet aggregation in human platelets stimulated with collagen only. However, auraptene was not effective in inhibiting platelet aggregation stimulated with thrombin, arachidonic acid, and U46619. Auraptene also repressed ATP release, [Ca2+]i mobilization, and P-selectin expression. Moreover, it markedly blocked PAC-1 binding to integrin αIIbβ3 . However, it had no influence on properties related to integrin αIIbβ3-mediated outside-in signaling, such as the adhesion number, spreading area of platelets, and fibrin clot retraction. Auraptene inhibited the phosphorylation of Lyn-Fyn-Syk, phospholipase Cγ2 (PLCγ2), protein kinase C (PKC), Akt, and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs; extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK1/2), but not p38 MAPK). Neither SQ22536, an adenylate cyclase inhibitor, nor ODQ, a guanylate cyclase inhibitor, reversed the auraptene-mediated inhibition of platelet aggregation. Auraptene reduced mortality caused by adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced pulmonary thromboembolism. In conclusion, this study provides definite evidence that auraptene signifies a potential therapeutic agent for preventing thromboembolic disorders.
原文英語
文章編號5585
期刊International Journal of Molecular Sciences
20
發行號22
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十一月 2 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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