Stimulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase by gonadotropin-releasing hormone in human granulosa-luteal cells

Keun Kang Sung Keun Kang, C. J. Tai, P. S. Nathwani, K. C. Choi, P. C K Leung

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

46 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The present study investigated the activation of mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) by a GnRH agonist (GnRHa) in human granulosa-luteal cells (hGLCs). The phosphorylation state of p44 and p42 MAPK was examined using antibodies that distinguish phosphop44/42 MAPK (Thr202/Tyr204) from total p44/42 MAPK (activated plus inactivated). Activation of MAPK by GnRHa was observed within 5 min and was sustained for 60 min after treatment. GnRHa stimulated MAPK activation in a dose-dependent manner, with maximum stimulation (6.7-fold over basal levels) at 10-7 M. Pretreatment with a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, GF109203X, completely blocked GnRHa-induced MAPK activation. In addition, pretreatment with a PKC activator, phorbol-12-myristate 13-acetate, potentiated GnRH-induced MAPK activation. These results indicate that GnRHa stimulates MAPK activation through a PKC-dependent pathway in hGLCs, possibly coupled to Gqα protein. MAPK activation was also observed in response to 8-bromo-cAMP or cholera toxin, but not pertussis toxin. Forskolin (50 μM) substantially stimulated a rapid cAMP accumulation, whereas GnRHa (10-7 M) or pertussis toxin (100 mg/ml) did not affect basal intracellular cAMP levels. Cotreatment of GnRHa (10-7 M) did not attenuate forskolin- or hCG-stimulated cAMP accumulation. These results suggest that the GnRH receptor is probably not coupled to Gsα or Giα in hGLCs. Finally, GnRHa (10-7 M) stimulated a significant increase in Elk-1 phosphorylation and c-fos messenger RNA expression, as revealed by an in vitro kinase assay and Northern blot analysis, respectively. These results clearly demonstrate that GnRH activates the MAPK cascade through a PKC-dependent pathway in the human ovary.

頁(從 - 到)671-679
出版狀態已發佈 - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 內分泌
  • 內分泌學、糖尿病和代謝


深入研究「Stimulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase by gonadotropin-releasing hormone in human granulosa-luteal cells」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。