This study aimed to explore the risk for depressive disorder (DD) among stroke patients with statin use. Totally, 11,218 patients who had a first-time acute hospitalization for stroke were identified from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000. We individually followed each study subject for a 1-year period to identify those patients who were subsequently diagnosed with DD during the follow-up period. We found that the incidence rate of DD during the 1-year follow-up period was 5.52 (95% CI: 4.70-6.43) and 3.46 (95% CI: 3.08-3.88) per 100 person-years for stroke patients who were statin users and nonusers, respectively. Cox proportional hazards regressions revealed that the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for DD during the 1-year follow-up period was 1.59 for stroke patients who were statin users compared to those who were non-statin users. We further found that the adjusted HR for DD for stroke patients who were regular statin users was 1.65 compared to stroke patients who had never been prescribed statin. However, there was no increased hazard of DD for stroke patients who were irregular statin users compared to stroke patients who had never been prescribed statin (HR: 1.22, 95% CI: 0.70-2.11).
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