Spontaneous Echo Contrast in Internal Jugular Veins: A Probable Indicator for Systemic Inflammation and a Prothrombotic State

Hung Yi Hsu, Chih Ping Chung, Shu Yi Chen, Yi Ying Chiang, Han Hwa Hu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

4 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The hypothesis that spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) in the internal jugular vein (IJV) is a clinical indicator for systemic inflammation and thrombogenesis is investigated in this study. Fifty-two patients with cardiovascular diseases and 25 nondiseased subjects were evaluated. SEC was observed in 96 of 154 IJVs. The visual grading of SEC showed good interobserver agreement on SEC grades (κ value: 0.846, p < 0.001). Generalized estimating equations analysis was used for univariate and multivariate analysis. Univariate analysis showed that peak flow velocity in corresponding IJV (coefficient -0.001 [95% CI -0.019, -0.001], p = 0.031), jugular venous reflux (JVR, -0.010 [-0.019, -0.001], p = 0.002), plasma levels of fibrinogen (0.464 [0.208, 0.719], p < 0.001) and hs-C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (0.479 [0.184, 0.774], p = 0.001) and previous history of ischemic stroke (0.779 [0.139, 1.417]; p = 0.017) correlated with the grades of SEC in IJV. Increased plasma levels of fibrinogen and hs-CRP, previous ischemic stroke, lower peak velocity in corresponding IJV and JVR were also independent predictors for the higher grades of SEC in IJV in multivariate regression analysis. SEC in IJV could be evaluated easily and semiquantitatively. SEC in IJVs could be a putative marker of cerebral circulation disturbance and an indicator of systemic inflammatory or prothrombotic state.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)926-932
頁數7
期刊Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology
38
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 6月 1 2012
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 放射學、核子醫學和影像學
  • 放射與超音波技術
  • 生物物理學

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