Novel structures of luminescent materials, which are used as light sources for next-generation illumination, are continuously being improved for use in white-light-emitting diodes. Activator-doped known structures are reported as habitual down-conversion phosphors in solid-state lightings and displays. Consequently, the intrinsic qualities of the existent compounds produce deficiencies that limit their applications. Herein we report a spiral-network single-crystal orthophosphate (LiSrPO4) prepared in a platinum crucible with LiCl flux through crystal-growth reactions of SrCl2 and Li3PO4 in air. It crystallizes in a hexagonal system with a=5.0040(2) and c=24.6320(16) Å, V=534.15(5) Å3, and Z=6 in the space group P65. The unit cell is comprised of LiO 4 and PO4 tetrahedrons that form a three-dimensional LiPO42- anionic framework with a helical channel structure along the c axis in which the Sr2+ cation is accommodated. The optical band gap of this composition is about 3.65 eV, as determined by using UV/Vis absorption and diffuse reflection spectra. We used the crystal-growth method to synthesize blue- and red-emitting crystals that exhibited pure color, low reabsorption, a large Stokes shift, and efficient conversion of ultraviolet excitation light into visible light. Emphasis was placed on the development of gratifying structure-related properties of rare-earth luminescent materials and their applications. A profound structure: LiSrPO4 comprises LiO 4 and PO4 tetrahedrons that form a three-dimensional LiPO42- anionic framework with a helical channel structure along the c axis in which the Sr2+ cation is accommodated (see figure). The LiSrPO4:RE (RE=Eu2+ and Eu3+) phosphors have potential applications in developing near-UV white LEDs with RGB pure color, thermal stability, and high brightness.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化學 (全部)