Soluble peptidoglycan production from the waste peels of pineapple Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.

Yaw Bee Ker, Chiung Chi Peng, Yi Shan Chen, Kuan Chou Chen, Kun Hung Shen, Robert Y. Peng

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

Introduction – The growing area of pineapple in Taiwan has reached 9797 hectares that annually produce 410,000 tons of pineapples and roughly contributed an amount of waste peels 119,583.5 tons. Whether the reclaim of the soluble polysaccharide fractions (SPF) from these waste peels are worth for green technology, we performed this study. Materials and methods – Cultivars TN-3 and TN-17 were used for analysis. Results and discussion – SPF differs in composition depending on the pineapple cultivars regarding the ash, carbohydrate, crude fiber, sugar, carotenoids and bromelain. At average, SPF of TN-3 and TN-17 consisted of carotenoids 4652 kg/Y and bromelian 2.117×10 11 units/Y. SPF was peptidoglycan in nature having average molecular weight below 500 kDa. The monosaccharide composition of SPF covered a spectrum of rhamnose, fucose, arabinose, xylose, ribose, fructose, mannose, galactose, glucose, and myo-inositol. The amino acid composition consists of mostly essential amino acids. SPF exhibited strong DPPH-, hydroxyl radical-, and superoxide anion radical-scavenging capability, but entirely ineffective as ferrous ion chelating agent. In cell mode, TN-3-2 behaved stronger cytotoxicity than TN-17-2. Based on the average amount of pineapple peels (119,583.5 tons), the reclaimable soluble peptidoglycans reached 6433.59 tons amounting up to 5.38% of the total waste peels. Conclusion – Using the improved novel green technology, it is possible to recover much of the valuable constituents present in the waste pineapple peels, in particular, the peptidoglycans that exhibit a diversity of biomedical significance.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)38-51
頁數14
期刊Fruits
74
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 二月 1 2019

指紋

Ananas
Ananas comosus
Peptidoglycan
peptidoglycans
pineapples
Polysaccharides
polysaccharides
sustainable technology
Carotenoids
Superoxides
carotenoids
bromelains
Bromelains
Technology
Rhamnose
Arabinose
Essential Amino Acids
Ribose
Fucose
fucose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Horticulture

引用此文

Soluble peptidoglycan production from the waste peels of pineapple Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. / Ker, Yaw Bee; Peng, Chiung Chi; Chen, Yi Shan; Chen, Kuan Chou; Shen, Kun Hung; Peng, Robert Y.

於: Fruits, 卷 74, 編號 1, 01.02.2019, p. 38-51.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

Ker, Yaw Bee ; Peng, Chiung Chi ; Chen, Yi Shan ; Chen, Kuan Chou ; Shen, Kun Hung ; Peng, Robert Y. / Soluble peptidoglycan production from the waste peels of pineapple Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. 於: Fruits. 2019 ; 卷 74, 編號 1. 頁 38-51.
@article{53ca269f6c7743458bf9ac03e5d02c04,
title = "Soluble peptidoglycan production from the waste peels of pineapple Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.",
abstract = "Introduction – The growing area of pineapple in Taiwan has reached 9797 hectares that annually produce 410,000 tons of pineapples and roughly contributed an amount of waste peels 119,583.5 tons. Whether the reclaim of the soluble polysaccharide fractions (SPF) from these waste peels are worth for green technology, we performed this study. Materials and methods – Cultivars TN-3 and TN-17 were used for analysis. Results and discussion – SPF differs in composition depending on the pineapple cultivars regarding the ash, carbohydrate, crude fiber, sugar, carotenoids and bromelain. At average, SPF of TN-3 and TN-17 consisted of carotenoids 4652 kg/Y and bromelian 2.117×10 11 units/Y. SPF was peptidoglycan in nature having average molecular weight below 500 kDa. The monosaccharide composition of SPF covered a spectrum of rhamnose, fucose, arabinose, xylose, ribose, fructose, mannose, galactose, glucose, and myo-inositol. The amino acid composition consists of mostly essential amino acids. SPF exhibited strong DPPH-, hydroxyl radical-, and superoxide anion radical-scavenging capability, but entirely ineffective as ferrous ion chelating agent. In cell mode, TN-3-2 behaved stronger cytotoxicity than TN-17-2. Based on the average amount of pineapple peels (119,583.5 tons), the reclaimable soluble peptidoglycans reached 6433.59 tons amounting up to 5.38{\%} of the total waste peels. Conclusion – Using the improved novel green technology, it is possible to recover much of the valuable constituents present in the waste pineapple peels, in particular, the peptidoglycans that exhibit a diversity of biomedical significance.",
keywords = "Antioxidative capability, Cytotoxicity, Green technology, Polysaccharide fractions",
author = "Ker, {Yaw Bee} and Peng, {Chiung Chi} and Chen, {Yi Shan} and Chen, {Kuan Chou} and Shen, {Kun Hung} and Peng, {Robert Y.}",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.17660/th2019/74.1.5",
language = "English",
volume = "74",
pages = "38--51",
journal = "Fruits",
issn = "0248-1294",
publisher = "EDP Sciences",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soluble peptidoglycan production from the waste peels of pineapple Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.

AU - Ker, Yaw Bee

AU - Peng, Chiung Chi

AU - Chen, Yi Shan

AU - Chen, Kuan Chou

AU - Shen, Kun Hung

AU - Peng, Robert Y.

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Introduction – The growing area of pineapple in Taiwan has reached 9797 hectares that annually produce 410,000 tons of pineapples and roughly contributed an amount of waste peels 119,583.5 tons. Whether the reclaim of the soluble polysaccharide fractions (SPF) from these waste peels are worth for green technology, we performed this study. Materials and methods – Cultivars TN-3 and TN-17 were used for analysis. Results and discussion – SPF differs in composition depending on the pineapple cultivars regarding the ash, carbohydrate, crude fiber, sugar, carotenoids and bromelain. At average, SPF of TN-3 and TN-17 consisted of carotenoids 4652 kg/Y and bromelian 2.117×10 11 units/Y. SPF was peptidoglycan in nature having average molecular weight below 500 kDa. The monosaccharide composition of SPF covered a spectrum of rhamnose, fucose, arabinose, xylose, ribose, fructose, mannose, galactose, glucose, and myo-inositol. The amino acid composition consists of mostly essential amino acids. SPF exhibited strong DPPH-, hydroxyl radical-, and superoxide anion radical-scavenging capability, but entirely ineffective as ferrous ion chelating agent. In cell mode, TN-3-2 behaved stronger cytotoxicity than TN-17-2. Based on the average amount of pineapple peels (119,583.5 tons), the reclaimable soluble peptidoglycans reached 6433.59 tons amounting up to 5.38% of the total waste peels. Conclusion – Using the improved novel green technology, it is possible to recover much of the valuable constituents present in the waste pineapple peels, in particular, the peptidoglycans that exhibit a diversity of biomedical significance.

AB - Introduction – The growing area of pineapple in Taiwan has reached 9797 hectares that annually produce 410,000 tons of pineapples and roughly contributed an amount of waste peels 119,583.5 tons. Whether the reclaim of the soluble polysaccharide fractions (SPF) from these waste peels are worth for green technology, we performed this study. Materials and methods – Cultivars TN-3 and TN-17 were used for analysis. Results and discussion – SPF differs in composition depending on the pineapple cultivars regarding the ash, carbohydrate, crude fiber, sugar, carotenoids and bromelain. At average, SPF of TN-3 and TN-17 consisted of carotenoids 4652 kg/Y and bromelian 2.117×10 11 units/Y. SPF was peptidoglycan in nature having average molecular weight below 500 kDa. The monosaccharide composition of SPF covered a spectrum of rhamnose, fucose, arabinose, xylose, ribose, fructose, mannose, galactose, glucose, and myo-inositol. The amino acid composition consists of mostly essential amino acids. SPF exhibited strong DPPH-, hydroxyl radical-, and superoxide anion radical-scavenging capability, but entirely ineffective as ferrous ion chelating agent. In cell mode, TN-3-2 behaved stronger cytotoxicity than TN-17-2. Based on the average amount of pineapple peels (119,583.5 tons), the reclaimable soluble peptidoglycans reached 6433.59 tons amounting up to 5.38% of the total waste peels. Conclusion – Using the improved novel green technology, it is possible to recover much of the valuable constituents present in the waste pineapple peels, in particular, the peptidoglycans that exhibit a diversity of biomedical significance.

KW - Antioxidative capability

KW - Cytotoxicity

KW - Green technology

KW - Polysaccharide fractions

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064433288&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064433288&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.17660/th2019/74.1.5

DO - 10.17660/th2019/74.1.5

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85064433288

VL - 74

SP - 38

EP - 51

JO - Fruits

JF - Fruits

SN - 0248-1294

IS - 1

ER -