Soil-to-skin adherence during different activities for children in Taiwan

Ming Chien Tsou, Ching Yao Hu, Hsing Cheng Hsi, Han Jung Hu, Halûk Özkaynak, Zeng Yei Hseu, Winston Dang, Karen D. Bradham, Ling Chu Chien

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

Children may be exposed to environmental contaminants through incidental ingestion of soil resulting from hand-to-mouth contact. We measured soil adherence to the skin among 86 children from four kindergartens and one elementary school in Taiwan. Rinse water samples were collected from the hands, forearms, feet and lower legs of children after they had engaged in assigned activity groups (pre-activity, indirect contact and direct contact) from two different soil textures groups: sand and clay. We found that the soil loadings significantly differed between the different soil textures, body parts, activities, and clothing groups. Measured soil loadings for hands of pre-activity, indirect contact activity, and direct contact activity groups were 0.0069, 0.0307 and 0.153 mg cm−2, respectively, for the group playing on sand and 0.0061, 0.0116 and 0.0942 mg cm−2, respectively, for the group playing on clay. To facilitate the use of soil adherence data in exposure assessments, we provided a new and simple way to group activities based on the intensity of children's interactions with soil. The adherence data from this study can help enhance existing information based on soil-to-skin adherence factors used to assess children's exposure to soil contaminants during their play activities.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)240-247
頁數8
期刊Environmental Research
167
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十一月 1 2018

指紋

Taiwan
skin
Skin
Soil
Soils
soil
soil texture
Hand
clay
sand
pollutant
Sand
Textures
Impurities
Clothing
Human Body
Forearm
Mouth
Foot
Leg

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

引用此文

Soil-to-skin adherence during different activities for children in Taiwan. / Tsou, Ming Chien; Hu, Ching Yao; Hsi, Hsing Cheng; Hu, Han Jung; Özkaynak, Halûk; Hseu, Zeng Yei; Dang, Winston; Bradham, Karen D.; Chien, Ling Chu.

於: Environmental Research, 卷 167, 01.11.2018, p. 240-247.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

Tsou, MC, Hu, CY, Hsi, HC, Hu, HJ, Özkaynak, H, Hseu, ZY, Dang, W, Bradham, KD & Chien, LC 2018, 'Soil-to-skin adherence during different activities for children in Taiwan', Environmental Research, 卷 167, 頁 240-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.07.028
Tsou, Ming Chien ; Hu, Ching Yao ; Hsi, Hsing Cheng ; Hu, Han Jung ; Özkaynak, Halûk ; Hseu, Zeng Yei ; Dang, Winston ; Bradham, Karen D. ; Chien, Ling Chu. / Soil-to-skin adherence during different activities for children in Taiwan. 於: Environmental Research. 2018 ; 卷 167. 頁 240-247.
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