Background and aim Hyperglycemic, hypertension, and lipid abnormalities are risk factors for diabetic kidney disease However, no study has discussed the association of the simultaneous control of glycemic, blood pressure, and lipids with renal function among diabetes patients. Thus, this study examined the interactive effects of the intensive control of all 3 conditions on the progression of renal function. Materials and methods The study population was derived from eight hospitals in Taiwan from October 2008 to April 2015. Demographic characteristics were collected using structured questionnaires. Clinical variables were obtained from medical chart review. The renal progression was defined as a decline in the eGFR by more than 25% according to the baseline eGFR. Results Total of 1602 diabetes patients were included in the study analysis, the mean age was 63.03 ± 10.98 years, 55.56% were men. Compared to the simultaneous control of glycemic, blood pressure and lipid group, the poor control of all three diseases had the highest risk of renal progression, with an adjusted OR of 2.21 (95% CI, 1.26–3.86). Even if the patients with an intensive control of lipid, the result showed that the poor control of both glycemic and hypertension was associated with the increased risk of renal progression than the reference group. Conclusion This study demonstrated that the simultaneous poor control of glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid had the highest risk of renal progression. Thus, patients with type 2 diabetes should not only control glycemic but also manage their blood pressure and lipid.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine