Objective: To investigate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of nonmetastatic clone 23 type 1 (nm23-H1) gene with endometrial cancer and their implication in clinicopathologic characteristics of women in Taiwan. Methods: Three hundred and fifty-nine blood samples were collected from 268 healthy women and 91 patients with endometrial cancer to analyze SNPs rs16949649 and rs2302254 of nm23-H1 promoter using real time polymerase chain reaction and genotyping. The association of genotype and allele differences of nm23-H1 SNPs with endometrial cancer and their implication in some clinicopathologic variables were analyzed using Pearson's Chi-square or Fisher exact tests. Results: Women with heterozygous genotypes TC in rs16949649 or CT in rs2302254 exhibited higher risk to develop endometrial cancer as compared to those with their wild-type or homozygous genotypes (odds ratio 3.30 and 1.86; 1.84 and 1.90 for respective SNP). Individuals with CC genotype were at less risk (OR: 0.08; P = 0.037) to have non-endometrioid type as compared to those with TT genotype in rs16949649. However, a trend of increased risk (OR: 26.67; P = 0.01) of advanced stage endometrial cancer (stage III-IV) was observed in patients with TT genotype as compared to those with CC genotype in rs2302254. Conclusions: Heterozygous genotypes TC in rs16949649 and CT in rs2302254 of nm23-H1 promoter are potential susceptibility factors for endometrial cancer in Taiwan women. Once having the endometrial cancer, Taiwan women with variant homozygote CC in rs1694964 were at less risk to have non-endometrioid type, while women with variant homozygote TT in rs2302254 tended to have advanced stage cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology