Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term therapeutic outcome of women with symptomatic uterine myomas treated with laparoscopic uterine vessel occlusion (LUVO) or laparoscopic myomectomy (LM). Methods: Ninety-five patients with symptomatic, uncomplicated myomas warranting surgical treatment who expressed a strong desire to retain their uterus were included in this study. Fifty-two patients underwent LUVO and 43 underwent LM. The outcome was measured by comparing blood loss, surgical time, postoperative recovery, postoperative pain (visual analog scale), complications, and success rate in both groups. Results: The general characteristics of the patients were similar in both groups. There were no statistical differences in febrile morbidity, complications, success rate, therapeutic efficacy (symptom relief), and satisfaction rate between the two groups. LUVO had advantages over LM, including less surgical time, minimal blood loss, lower visual analog scale score, and rapid postoperative recovery. Conclusions: Both LUVO and LM might be effective in the management of symptomatic myomas in selected cases, but LUVO seemed to be more acceptable and less invasive in this 1-year short-term follow-up.
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