The use of blood plasma biomarkers in gastric cancer (GC) management is limited due to a lack of reliable biomarkers. An LC-MS/MS assay and a bioinformatic analysis were performed to identify blood plasma biomarkers in a GC discovery cohort. The data obtained were verified and validated by western blotting and an ELISA in an independent study cohort. A label-free quantification analysis of the MS data using PEAKS7 software found that four plasma proteins of apolipoprotein C-1, gelsolin, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and complement component C4-A were significantly overexpressed in GC patients. A western blot assay of these plasma proteins showed that only SHBG was consistently overexpressed in the patient group. ELISA measurement of SHBG blood plasma levels confirmed that the patient group had significantly higher SHBG levels than the control group. SHBG levels in the patient group remained significantly higher after being stratified by gender, age, and disease stage. These findings show that LC-MS/MS is powerful and highly sensitive for plasma biomarker discovery, and SHBG could be a potential plasma biomarker for GC management.
ASJC Scopus subject areas