Human toxocariasis is a worldwide neglected zoonotic parasitic disease and caused mainly by Toxocara canis, and to a lesser event, by T. cati. There are only 16 epidemiological studies and 5 clinical toxocariasis case reports in 11 Southeast Asia countries and Taiwan (SEAT) that were found by searching data from PubMed in the period from January 1992 to August 2019. The overall seroprevalence in SEAT varied from 3.9% to 84.6% chiefly detected by using T. canis larval excretory-secretory antigen (TcES)-based ELISA. Playing with dogs or contacting Toxocara eggs from the contaminated soil or vegetables or eating raw meats/viscera containing encapsulated larvae seem likely the major risk factors leading to human toxocariasis in SEAT. Nevertheless, undertaking comprehensive seroepidemiological studies to establish the baseline data and beware of clinical toxocariasis cases by physicians as well as establishing adequate serodiagnostic methods in detection of Toxocara infection, e.g., TcES-based immunoblotting method in helminth endemic SEA are strongly required.
|名字||Advances in Parasitology|