Seroprevalence of hepatitis-B infection amongst Taiwanese university students 18 years following the commencement of a national hepatitis-B vaccination program

Fu Hsiung Su, Jong Dar Chen, Shu Hsing Cheng, Ching Hung Lin, Yi Hui Liu, Fang Yeh Chu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

50 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

In Taiwan, the nation-wide Hepatitis-B virus (HB) vaccination program was first launched in July 1984 and was directed to those infants born to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carrier mothers in Taiwan. From July 1986 onwards, all infants born in Taiwan were immunized against HB. This study examined the HB-infection status amongst students at a Taiwanese university 18 years subsequent to the implementation of universal HB vaccination. A total of 1,969 new university entrants in 2005 were grouped into 1 of 3 distinct birth cohorts according to their HB-vaccination schedule (cohort-1 students born prior to July 1, 1984; cohort-3 students born subsequentto June 30, 1986) and were examined for their serum HBsAg, antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs), and antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) status. Immunity arising from vaccination was defined as an anti-HBs level 10 mlU/ml. We observed a trend toward a decreasing anti-HBc-positive rate and a decreasing HBsAg carrier rate from, respectively, 26.5 and 8.7% for cohort-1 to 4.7 and 1.7% for cohort-3 students. The prevalence of students featuring seronegativity for all three HB markers increased from 12.3% for cohort-1 to 48.8% for cohort-3 individuals. Amongst the 1,695 subjects revealing seronegativity for HBsAg and anti-HBc, their anti-HBs level was analyzed according to their birth year. The prevalence of students featuring a non-protective anti-HBs level increased from 11.9% for birth-year 1984 individuals to 48.2% for birth-year 1987 students. The introduction of HB vaccine has effectively reduced the transmission of HBV infection in Taiwan, 18 years subsequent to the commencement of the universal HB-vaccination program. A "waning-off" effect of anti-HBs seropositivity acquired from the HB vaccination program has also been observed.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)138-143
頁數6
期刊Journal of Medical Virology
79
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 二月 2007
對外發佈Yes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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