Serological screening and toxoplasmosis exposure factors among pregnant women in the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe

Chien Ching Hung, Chia Kwung Fan, Kua Eyre Su, Fung Chang Sung, Hung Yi Chiou, Vilfrido Gil, Maria da Conceicao dos Reis Ferreira, Jose Manuel de Carvalho, Claudina Cruz, Yu Kuan Lin, Lian Fen Tseng, Ke Yun Sao, Wen Cheun Chang, Hung Shue Lan, Shing Hsien Chou

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

45 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection among pregnant women in the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe (DRSTP) from November 2003 to March 2004 was determined by detection of serum anti-T. gondii antibodies. A short questionnaire interview for pregnant women was performed to investigate risk factors associated with T. gondii infection, including consumption of raw meat or unwashed vegetables, drinking unboiled water and keeping pets (cats and dogs). The overall seroprevalence of T. gondii infection was high (75.2%; 375/499). The older age group of ≥35 years had a significantly higher seroprevalence (85.7%; 54/63) than that of the younger age group of 15-25 years (70.4%; 178/253) (odds ratio 2.5, 95% CI 1.2-5.4; P = 0.01). No significant difference in the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection was found between the pregnant women with and without exposure to the risk factors studied. However, among pregnant women with high antibody titers of ≥1:1024, it seemed likely that continual contact with pets and consumption of oocyst-contaminated water or raw unwashed vegetables rather than tissue cysts in meat was the primary route of infection. The incidence of congenital toxoplasmosis in unborn babies should be intensively monitored in the DRSTP.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)134-139
頁數6
期刊Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
101
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 二月 2007

Keywords

  • Canis familiaris
  • Protozoa
  • Toxoplasma gondii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Medicine(all)

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    Hung, C. C., Fan, C. K., Su, K. E., Sung, F. C., Chiou, H. Y., Gil, V., Ferreira, M. D. C. D. R., de Carvalho, J. M., Cruz, C., Lin, Y. K., Tseng, L. F., Sao, K. Y., Chang, W. C., Lan, H. S., & Chou, S. H. (2007). Serological screening and toxoplasmosis exposure factors among pregnant women in the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 101(2), 134-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2006.04.012