Self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) mediated improved oral bioavailability of thymoquinone: optimization, characterization, pharmacokinetic, and hepatotoxicity studies

Charul Rathore, Chetna Hemrajani, Abhishek Kumar Sharma, Piyush Kumar Gupta, Niraj Kumar Jha, Alaa A.A. Aljabali, Gaurav Gupta, Sachin Kumar Singh, Jen Chang Yang, Ram Prakash Dwivedi, Kamal Dua, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Poonam Negi, Murtaza M. Tambuwala

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Thymoquinone (TQ) is an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and hepatoprotective compound obtained from the black seed oil of Nigella sativa. However, high hydrophobicity, instability at higher pH levels, photosensitivity, and low oral bioavailability hinder its delivery to the target tissues. A self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) was fabricated using the microemulsification technique to address these issues. Its physicochemical properties, thermodynamic stability studies, drug release kinetics, in vivo pharmacokinetics, and hepatoprotective activity were evaluated. The droplet size was in the nano-range (< 90 nm). Zeta potential was measured to be −11.35 mV, signifying the high stability of the oil droplets. In vivo pharmacokinetic evaluation showed a fourfold increase in the bioavailability of TQ-SNEDDS over pure TQ. Furthermore, in a PCM-induced animal model, TQ-SNEDDS demonstrated significant (p < 0.05) hepatoprotective activity compared to pure TQ and silymarin. Reduction in liver biomarker enzymes and histopathological examinations of liver sections further supported the results. In this study, SNEDDS was demonstrated to be an improved oral delivery method for TQ, since it potentiates hepatotoxicity and enhances bioavailability. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
原文英語
期刊Drug Delivery and Translational Research
DOIs
出版狀態接受/付印 - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 藥學科學

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