Selective and non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs differentially regulate pulmonary vein and atrial arrhythmogenesis

Chien Jung Chang, Chen Chuan Cheng, Ten-Fang Yang, Yao Chang Chen, Yung Kuo Lin, Shih Ann Chen, Yi Jen Chen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

6 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increase the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). This study investigated whether selective and non-selective NSAIDs differentially regulate the arrhythmogenesis of pulmonary veins and atria. Methods: Conventional microelectrodes were used to record action potentials (APs) in isolated rabbit PVs, sinoatrial node (SAN), left atrium (LA), and right atrium (RA) preparations before and after celecoxib or indomethacin administration. A whole-cell patch clamp was used to record the sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX) current, L-type calcium current (ICa-L), and late sodium current (INa-late) before and after celecoxib administration in isolated PV cardiomyocytes. Results: Celecoxib (0.3, 1, and 3 μM) reduced PV spontaneous beating rates, and induced delayed afterdepolarizations and burst firings in four of eight PV preparations (50%, p b 0.05). Celecoxib also reduced SAN beating rates and decreased AP durations (APDs) in RA and LA, but did not change the resting membrane potential. Indomethacin (0.3, 1, 3, and 10 μM) changed neither the PV or SAN beating rates nor RA APDs, but it reduced LA APDs. Celecoxib (3 μM) significantly increased the NCX current and decreased the ICa-L, but did not change the INa-late. Ranolazine (10 μM) suppressed celecoxib (3 μM)-induced PV burst firings in 6 (86%, p b 0.05) of 7 PVs. KB-R7943 (10 μM) suppressed celecoxib (3 μM)-induced PV burst firings in 5 (71%, p b 0.05) of 7 PVs. Conclusions: Selective and non-selective NSAIDs differentially modulate PV and atrial electrophysiological characteristics. Celecoxib increased PV triggered activity through enhancement of the NCX current, which contributed to its arrhythmogenesis.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)559-567
頁數9
期刊International Journal of Cardiology
184
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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