Role of CX3CL1 in the chemotactic migration of all-trans retinoic acid-treated acute promyelocytic leukemic cells toward apoptotic cells

Wen Hui Tsai, Chung Hung Shih, Shan Yu Feng, Shao Chi Chang, Yu Chieh Lin, Hui Chi Hsu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

2 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Background: Phagocytic clearance of apoptotic neutrophils by tissue macrophages is a crucial component in the resolution phase of acute inflammation. However, the number of tissue macrophages is low and not likely to cope satisfactorily with the excess number of dying neutrophils. Although recent studies have reported that neutrophils are able to engulf apoptotic neutrophils, the mechanisms by which living neutrophils are attracted to apoptotic neutrophils are poorly defined. Increased amounts of CX3CL1 and microparticles (MPs) are rapidly released by apoptotic cells, and are involved in the chemoattraction of mononuclear phagocytes toward apoptotic cells. The current study investigated the role of CX3CL1 in the chemoattraction of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-treated NB4 (ATRA-NB4) cells toward apoptotic cells. Methods: Conditioning medium and MPs were harvested from apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cell cultures to determine their effects on living ATRA-NB4 cells by transmigration assay and adhesion assay. The cytokine levels in the conditioning medium were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Expression of CX3CR1 (a receptor of CX3CL1) on ATRA-NB4 cells was determined by flow cytometric analysis. Results: ATRA-NB4 cells transmigrated toward the apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells, and this chemoattraction was partially inhibited when the CX3CR1 on ATRA-NB4 cells was blocked by its specific antibody. Both exogenous CX3CL1 and MPs released by apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells were able to enhance the chemoattraction of ATRA-NB4 cells toward apoptotic cells or the adhesion of ATRA-NB4 cells to endothelial cells. CX3CL1 was expressed on the surface of MPs, and blocking this CX3CL1 with its specific antibody was able to partially inhibit the chemoattractive property of MPs. Conclusion: CX3CL1, in either the free or MP form, is released rapidly by apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells after induction of apoptosis to mediate the chemoattraction of living ATRA-NB4 cells toward apoptotic cells.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)367-373
頁數7
期刊Journal of the Chinese Medical Association
77
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2014

指紋

Tretinoin
Neutrophils
Macrophages
Antibodies
Phagocytes
Cell Adhesion
Endothelial Cells
Cell Culture Techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

引用此文

Role of CX3CL1 in the chemotactic migration of all-trans retinoic acid-treated acute promyelocytic leukemic cells toward apoptotic cells. / Tsai, Wen Hui; Shih, Chung Hung; Feng, Shan Yu; Chang, Shao Chi; Lin, Yu Chieh; Hsu, Hui Chi.

於: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association, 卷 77, 編號 7, 2014, p. 367-373.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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title = "Role of CX3CL1 in the chemotactic migration of all-trans retinoic acid-treated acute promyelocytic leukemic cells toward apoptotic cells",
abstract = "Background: Phagocytic clearance of apoptotic neutrophils by tissue macrophages is a crucial component in the resolution phase of acute inflammation. However, the number of tissue macrophages is low and not likely to cope satisfactorily with the excess number of dying neutrophils. Although recent studies have reported that neutrophils are able to engulf apoptotic neutrophils, the mechanisms by which living neutrophils are attracted to apoptotic neutrophils are poorly defined. Increased amounts of CX3CL1 and microparticles (MPs) are rapidly released by apoptotic cells, and are involved in the chemoattraction of mononuclear phagocytes toward apoptotic cells. The current study investigated the role of CX3CL1 in the chemoattraction of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-treated NB4 (ATRA-NB4) cells toward apoptotic cells. Methods: Conditioning medium and MPs were harvested from apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cell cultures to determine their effects on living ATRA-NB4 cells by transmigration assay and adhesion assay. The cytokine levels in the conditioning medium were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Expression of CX3CR1 (a receptor of CX3CL1) on ATRA-NB4 cells was determined by flow cytometric analysis. Results: ATRA-NB4 cells transmigrated toward the apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells, and this chemoattraction was partially inhibited when the CX3CR1 on ATRA-NB4 cells was blocked by its specific antibody. Both exogenous CX3CL1 and MPs released by apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells were able to enhance the chemoattraction of ATRA-NB4 cells toward apoptotic cells or the adhesion of ATRA-NB4 cells to endothelial cells. CX3CL1 was expressed on the surface of MPs, and blocking this CX3CL1 with its specific antibody was able to partially inhibit the chemoattractive property of MPs. Conclusion: CX3CL1, in either the free or MP form, is released rapidly by apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells after induction of apoptosis to mediate the chemoattraction of living ATRA-NB4 cells toward apoptotic cells.",
keywords = "Acute promyelocytic leukemia, Apoptosis, Chemotaxis, CX3CL1, Microparticles",
author = "Tsai, {Wen Hui} and Shih, {Chung Hung} and Feng, {Shan Yu} and Chang, {Shao Chi} and Lin, {Yu Chieh} and Hsu, {Hui Chi}",
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T1 - Role of CX3CL1 in the chemotactic migration of all-trans retinoic acid-treated acute promyelocytic leukemic cells toward apoptotic cells

AU - Tsai, Wen Hui

AU - Shih, Chung Hung

AU - Feng, Shan Yu

AU - Chang, Shao Chi

AU - Lin, Yu Chieh

AU - Hsu, Hui Chi

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: Phagocytic clearance of apoptotic neutrophils by tissue macrophages is a crucial component in the resolution phase of acute inflammation. However, the number of tissue macrophages is low and not likely to cope satisfactorily with the excess number of dying neutrophils. Although recent studies have reported that neutrophils are able to engulf apoptotic neutrophils, the mechanisms by which living neutrophils are attracted to apoptotic neutrophils are poorly defined. Increased amounts of CX3CL1 and microparticles (MPs) are rapidly released by apoptotic cells, and are involved in the chemoattraction of mononuclear phagocytes toward apoptotic cells. The current study investigated the role of CX3CL1 in the chemoattraction of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-treated NB4 (ATRA-NB4) cells toward apoptotic cells. Methods: Conditioning medium and MPs were harvested from apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cell cultures to determine their effects on living ATRA-NB4 cells by transmigration assay and adhesion assay. The cytokine levels in the conditioning medium were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Expression of CX3CR1 (a receptor of CX3CL1) on ATRA-NB4 cells was determined by flow cytometric analysis. Results: ATRA-NB4 cells transmigrated toward the apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells, and this chemoattraction was partially inhibited when the CX3CR1 on ATRA-NB4 cells was blocked by its specific antibody. Both exogenous CX3CL1 and MPs released by apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells were able to enhance the chemoattraction of ATRA-NB4 cells toward apoptotic cells or the adhesion of ATRA-NB4 cells to endothelial cells. CX3CL1 was expressed on the surface of MPs, and blocking this CX3CL1 with its specific antibody was able to partially inhibit the chemoattractive property of MPs. Conclusion: CX3CL1, in either the free or MP form, is released rapidly by apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells after induction of apoptosis to mediate the chemoattraction of living ATRA-NB4 cells toward apoptotic cells.

AB - Background: Phagocytic clearance of apoptotic neutrophils by tissue macrophages is a crucial component in the resolution phase of acute inflammation. However, the number of tissue macrophages is low and not likely to cope satisfactorily with the excess number of dying neutrophils. Although recent studies have reported that neutrophils are able to engulf apoptotic neutrophils, the mechanisms by which living neutrophils are attracted to apoptotic neutrophils are poorly defined. Increased amounts of CX3CL1 and microparticles (MPs) are rapidly released by apoptotic cells, and are involved in the chemoattraction of mononuclear phagocytes toward apoptotic cells. The current study investigated the role of CX3CL1 in the chemoattraction of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-treated NB4 (ATRA-NB4) cells toward apoptotic cells. Methods: Conditioning medium and MPs were harvested from apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cell cultures to determine their effects on living ATRA-NB4 cells by transmigration assay and adhesion assay. The cytokine levels in the conditioning medium were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Expression of CX3CR1 (a receptor of CX3CL1) on ATRA-NB4 cells was determined by flow cytometric analysis. Results: ATRA-NB4 cells transmigrated toward the apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells, and this chemoattraction was partially inhibited when the CX3CR1 on ATRA-NB4 cells was blocked by its specific antibody. Both exogenous CX3CL1 and MPs released by apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells were able to enhance the chemoattraction of ATRA-NB4 cells toward apoptotic cells or the adhesion of ATRA-NB4 cells to endothelial cells. CX3CL1 was expressed on the surface of MPs, and blocking this CX3CL1 with its specific antibody was able to partially inhibit the chemoattractive property of MPs. Conclusion: CX3CL1, in either the free or MP form, is released rapidly by apoptotic ATRA-NB4 cells after induction of apoptosis to mediate the chemoattraction of living ATRA-NB4 cells toward apoptotic cells.

KW - Acute promyelocytic leukemia

KW - Apoptosis

KW - Chemotaxis

KW - CX3CL1

KW - Microparticles

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