Robot-guided versus freehand fluoroscopy-guided minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: a single-institution, observational, case-control study

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

OBJECTIVE The use of robotics in spinal surgery has gained popularity because of its promising accuracy and safety. ROSA is a commonly used surgical robot system for spinal surgery. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes between robot-guided and freehand fluoroscopy-guided instrumentation in minimally invasive surgery (MIS)-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). METHODS This retrospective consecutive series reviewed 224 patients who underwent MIS-TLIF from March 2019 to April 2020 at a single institution. All patients were diagnosed with degenerative pathologies. Of those, 75 patients underwent robot-guided MIS-TLIF, and 149 patients underwent freehand fluoroscopy-guided MIS-TLIF. The incidences of pedicle breach, intraoperative outcomes, postoperative outcomes, and short-term pain control were compared. RESULTS The patients who underwent robot-guided surgery had a lower incidence of pedicle breach (0.27% vs 1.75%, p = 0.04) and less operative blood loss (313.7 ± 214.1 mL vs 431.6 ± 529.8 mL, p = 0.019). Nonsignificant differences were observed in operative duration (280.7 ± 98.1 minutes vs 251.4 ± 112.0 minutes, p = 0.056), hospital stay (6.6 ± 3.4 days vs 7.3 ± 4.4 days, p = 0.19), complications (intraoperative, 1.3% vs 1.3%, p = 0.45; postoperative surgery-related, 4.0% vs 4.0%, p = 0.99), and short-term pain control (postoperative day 1, 2.1 ± 1.2 vs 1.8 ± 1.2, p = 0.144; postoperative day 30, 1.2 ± 0.5 vs 1.3 ± 0.7, p = 0.610). A shorter operative duration for 4-level spinal surgery was found in the robot-guided surgery group (388.7 ± 107.3 minutes vs 544.0 ± 128.5 minutes, p = 0.047). CONCLUSIONS This retrospective review revealed that patients who underwent robot-guided MIS-TLIF experienced less operative blood loss. They also benefited from a shorter operative duration with higher-level (> 3 levels) spinal surgery. The postoperative outcomes were similar for both robot-guided and freehand fluoroscopy-guided procedures. https://thejns.org/doi/abs/10.3171/2021.10.FOCUS21514
原文英語
文章編號E9
期刊Neurosurgical Focus
52
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 手術
  • 神經病學(臨床)

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