摘要

Specific data regarding the full range of stroke outcomes among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are lacking. This study aimed to investigate outcomes in RA patients hospitalized for a stroke. The study retrieved data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. We identified 26,336 patients who were hospitalized for stroke treatment. Of these patients, 736 patients with a prior diagnosis of RA before the index hospitalization were selected as the study group. We selected 2208 age–sex-matched patients without RA as the comparison group. We performed conditional logistic regressions to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for in-hospital mortality and secondary diagnoses of pneumonia, urinary tract infections (UTIs), peptic ulcers, acute respiratory failure, and the use of mechanical ventilation to compare RA patients and comparison patients. We also compared the length of stay (LOS) and hospitalization costs between patients with RA and comparison patients. We found that RA patients had a significantly increased risk of peptic ulcer during the stroke hospitalization (OR = 1.52, 95% CI = 1.05–2.20). However, there were no significant differences between patients with RA and comparison patients in terms of in-hospital mortality, pneumonia, UTIs, acute respiratory failure, or the use of mechanical ventilation. Furthermore, the LOS of stroke hospitalization did not differ between the two groups. We concluded that RA patients hospitalized for a stroke do not have a significantly different risk of in-hospital mortality, pneumonia, UTIs, and mechanical ventilator use, but they have a higher risk of peptic ulcers. Additionally, among patients with a subarachnoid/intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke, RA patients were more likely to have received mechanical ventilation than comparison patients (adjusted OR = 1.89, 95% CI = 1.14–3.15).
原文英語
期刊Clinical Rheumatology
DOIs
出版狀態接受/付印 - 一月 1 2018

指紋

Rheumatoid Arthritis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Stroke
Hospitalization
Hospital Mortality
Peptic Ulcer
Artificial Respiration
Urinary Tract Infections
Pneumonia
Odds Ratio
Respiratory Insufficiency
Length of Stay
Mechanical Ventilators
Health Insurance
Taiwan
Logistic Models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

引用此文

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title = "Risk of adverse outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis hospitalized for stroke—a cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Specific data regarding the full range of stroke outcomes among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are lacking. This study aimed to investigate outcomes in RA patients hospitalized for a stroke. The study retrieved data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. We identified 26,336 patients who were hospitalized for stroke treatment. Of these patients, 736 patients with a prior diagnosis of RA before the index hospitalization were selected as the study group. We selected 2208 age–sex-matched patients without RA as the comparison group. We performed conditional logistic regressions to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for in-hospital mortality and secondary diagnoses of pneumonia, urinary tract infections (UTIs), peptic ulcers, acute respiratory failure, and the use of mechanical ventilation to compare RA patients and comparison patients. We also compared the length of stay (LOS) and hospitalization costs between patients with RA and comparison patients. We found that RA patients had a significantly increased risk of peptic ulcer during the stroke hospitalization (OR = 1.52, 95{\%} CI = 1.05–2.20). However, there were no significant differences between patients with RA and comparison patients in terms of in-hospital mortality, pneumonia, UTIs, acute respiratory failure, or the use of mechanical ventilation. Furthermore, the LOS of stroke hospitalization did not differ between the two groups. We concluded that RA patients hospitalized for a stroke do not have a significantly different risk of in-hospital mortality, pneumonia, UTIs, and mechanical ventilator use, but they have a higher risk of peptic ulcers. Additionally, among patients with a subarachnoid/intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke, RA patients were more likely to have received mechanical ventilation than comparison patients (adjusted OR = 1.89, 95{\%} CI = 1.14–3.15).",
keywords = "Cardiovascular risk, Epidemiology, Rheumatoid arthritis, Stroke",
author = "Kang, {Jiunn Horng} and Sudha Xirasagar and Lin, {Herng Ching} and Kao, {Pai Feng} and Sung, {Li Chin}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10067-018-4287-8",
language = "English",
journal = "Clinical Rheumatology",
issn = "0770-3198",
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T1 - Risk of adverse outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis hospitalized for stroke—a cross-sectional study

AU - Kang, Jiunn Horng

AU - Xirasagar, Sudha

AU - Lin, Herng Ching

AU - Kao, Pai Feng

AU - Sung, Li Chin

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Specific data regarding the full range of stroke outcomes among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are lacking. This study aimed to investigate outcomes in RA patients hospitalized for a stroke. The study retrieved data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. We identified 26,336 patients who were hospitalized for stroke treatment. Of these patients, 736 patients with a prior diagnosis of RA before the index hospitalization were selected as the study group. We selected 2208 age–sex-matched patients without RA as the comparison group. We performed conditional logistic regressions to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for in-hospital mortality and secondary diagnoses of pneumonia, urinary tract infections (UTIs), peptic ulcers, acute respiratory failure, and the use of mechanical ventilation to compare RA patients and comparison patients. We also compared the length of stay (LOS) and hospitalization costs between patients with RA and comparison patients. We found that RA patients had a significantly increased risk of peptic ulcer during the stroke hospitalization (OR = 1.52, 95% CI = 1.05–2.20). However, there were no significant differences between patients with RA and comparison patients in terms of in-hospital mortality, pneumonia, UTIs, acute respiratory failure, or the use of mechanical ventilation. Furthermore, the LOS of stroke hospitalization did not differ between the two groups. We concluded that RA patients hospitalized for a stroke do not have a significantly different risk of in-hospital mortality, pneumonia, UTIs, and mechanical ventilator use, but they have a higher risk of peptic ulcers. Additionally, among patients with a subarachnoid/intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke, RA patients were more likely to have received mechanical ventilation than comparison patients (adjusted OR = 1.89, 95% CI = 1.14–3.15).

AB - Specific data regarding the full range of stroke outcomes among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are lacking. This study aimed to investigate outcomes in RA patients hospitalized for a stroke. The study retrieved data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. We identified 26,336 patients who were hospitalized for stroke treatment. Of these patients, 736 patients with a prior diagnosis of RA before the index hospitalization were selected as the study group. We selected 2208 age–sex-matched patients without RA as the comparison group. We performed conditional logistic regressions to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for in-hospital mortality and secondary diagnoses of pneumonia, urinary tract infections (UTIs), peptic ulcers, acute respiratory failure, and the use of mechanical ventilation to compare RA patients and comparison patients. We also compared the length of stay (LOS) and hospitalization costs between patients with RA and comparison patients. We found that RA patients had a significantly increased risk of peptic ulcer during the stroke hospitalization (OR = 1.52, 95% CI = 1.05–2.20). However, there were no significant differences between patients with RA and comparison patients in terms of in-hospital mortality, pneumonia, UTIs, acute respiratory failure, or the use of mechanical ventilation. Furthermore, the LOS of stroke hospitalization did not differ between the two groups. We concluded that RA patients hospitalized for a stroke do not have a significantly different risk of in-hospital mortality, pneumonia, UTIs, and mechanical ventilator use, but they have a higher risk of peptic ulcers. Additionally, among patients with a subarachnoid/intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke, RA patients were more likely to have received mechanical ventilation than comparison patients (adjusted OR = 1.89, 95% CI = 1.14–3.15).

KW - Cardiovascular risk

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Rheumatoid arthritis

KW - Stroke

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U2 - 10.1007/s10067-018-4287-8

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SN - 0770-3198

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