Risk Factors for Violent Injuries and Their Severity Among Men in The Gambia

Paul Bass, Edrisa Sanyang, Mau Roung Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

A matched case-control study was conducted to identify risk factors for injury from physical violence and its severity in Gambian men. Study participants were recruited from eight emergency rooms and outpatient departments in two health administrative regions. Cases were male patients aged ⩾15 years who had been violently injured. A control patient for each case, matched for the hospital or health center, date of injury, gender, and age, was selected from those injured due to nonviolence causes. In total, 447 case-control pairs were recruited. Results of the conditional logistic regression analysis showed that case patients who worked as businessmen (odds ratio [OR], 1.93; 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.16, 3.20]), had monthly household income of ⩾US$311 (OR, 2.12; 95% CI [1.06, 4.24]), had two or more male siblings (OR, 2.20; 95% CI [1.15, 4.21]), had consumed alcohol in the past week (OR, 3.32; 95% CI [1.25, 8.84]), and had been physically abused (OR, 5.10; 95% CI [2.71, 9.62]) or verbally abused (OR, 1.63; 95% CI [1.04, 2.56]) in the past 12 months were significantly associated with the occurrence of injury from physical violence. Severe injuries during the violence were significantly associated with events that took place in public spaces, with certain injury mechanisms (being stabbed/cut/pierced, struck by an object, assaulted by fist punching/leg kicking/head-butting, and scalded/stoned), having injuries to the upper extremities, and smoked cigarettes in the past week. Specific public health programs aimed at preventing physical violence and severe injuries against men should be developed in The Gambia based on modifications of the identified risk factors.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)2116-2127
頁數12
期刊American Journal of Men's Health
12
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十一月 1 2018

指紋

Gambia
confidence
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Wounds and Injuries
violence
businessman
household income
health
public space
Health
Violence
Upper Extremity
Tobacco Products
regression analysis
public health
logistics
Case-Control Studies
Hospital Emergency Service
alcohol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

引用此文

Risk Factors for Violent Injuries and Their Severity Among Men in The Gambia. / Bass, Paul; Sanyang, Edrisa; Lin, Mau Roung.

於: American Journal of Men's Health, 卷 12, 編號 6, 01.11.2018, p. 2116-2127.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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abstract = "A matched case-control study was conducted to identify risk factors for injury from physical violence and its severity in Gambian men. Study participants were recruited from eight emergency rooms and outpatient departments in two health administrative regions. Cases were male patients aged ⩾15 years who had been violently injured. A control patient for each case, matched for the hospital or health center, date of injury, gender, and age, was selected from those injured due to nonviolence causes. In total, 447 case-control pairs were recruited. Results of the conditional logistic regression analysis showed that case patients who worked as businessmen (odds ratio [OR], 1.93; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] [1.16, 3.20]), had monthly household income of ⩾US$311 (OR, 2.12; 95{\%} CI [1.06, 4.24]), had two or more male siblings (OR, 2.20; 95{\%} CI [1.15, 4.21]), had consumed alcohol in the past week (OR, 3.32; 95{\%} CI [1.25, 8.84]), and had been physically abused (OR, 5.10; 95{\%} CI [2.71, 9.62]) or verbally abused (OR, 1.63; 95{\%} CI [1.04, 2.56]) in the past 12 months were significantly associated with the occurrence of injury from physical violence. Severe injuries during the violence were significantly associated with events that took place in public spaces, with certain injury mechanisms (being stabbed/cut/pierced, struck by an object, assaulted by fist punching/leg kicking/head-butting, and scalded/stoned), having injuries to the upper extremities, and smoked cigarettes in the past week. Specific public health programs aimed at preventing physical violence and severe injuries against men should be developed in The Gambia based on modifications of the identified risk factors.",
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