Risk Factors for Recurrent Injuries from Physical Violence Among African Men in The Gambia

Paul Bass, Wen Yu Yu, Edrisa Sanyang, Mau Roung Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

While men are known to be at high risk of recurrent injuries from physical violence, the risk factors in African men have not been investigated. We conducted a matched case-control study to identify factors associated with recurrent injuries from physical violence in The Gambia. Eligible participants were injured male patients aged ≥ 15 years. Over the 12-month study period, 257 cases with recurrent injuries from physical violence, and 257 control patients each from two control groups (violence controls and nonviolence controls) were recruited from eight emergency rooms located in six districts of the Greater Banjul Metropolitan Area, The Gambia. The two control groups matched cases at the same health facility, date of injury, and age, in which violence controls (VCs) experienced only one violence-related injury in the past 12 months and nonviolence controls (NCs) experienced no violence-related injuries. Results of the multivariable conditional logistic regression showed that for both the VC and NC groups, a polygamous family (OR VC , 3.62; OR NC , 2.79), > 8 family members (OR VC , 5.60; OR NC , 4.81), being brought up by a family relative (OR VC , 5.17; OR NC , 2.11), having smoked cigarettes in the past week (OR VC , 3.53; OR NC , 4.03), and perceiving no family support (OR VC , 1.12; OR NC , 1.19) were significantly associated with the occurrence of recurrent violent injuries. Furthermore, compared to the NCs, three additional factors of > 2 male siblings (OR NC , 1.84), low household income (OR NC , 3.11), and alcohol consumption in the past week (OR NC , 4.66) were significantly associated with the occurrence of recurrent violent injuries. These findings may fill in a knowledge gap that will be beneficial for developing effective intervention programs to reduce recurrent injuries from physical violence among African men. © 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)596-604
頁數9
期刊Journal of Community Health
44
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 六月 15 2019

指紋

Gambia
Violence
violence
Wounds and Injuries
Domestic Violence
Control Groups
Physical Abuse
Health Facilities
Tobacco Products
Alcohol Drinking
Case-Control Studies
Hospital Emergency Service
Siblings
Logistic Models

Keywords

  • Emergency room
  • Men
  • Physical violence
  • Recurrent injuries
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

引用此文

Risk Factors for Recurrent Injuries from Physical Violence Among African Men in The Gambia. / Bass, Paul; Yu, Wen Yu; Sanyang, Edrisa; Lin, Mau Roung.

於: Journal of Community Health, 卷 44, 編號 3, 15.06.2019, p. 596-604.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

@article{53c1672c83f34e21b8035855c56f014d,
title = "Risk Factors for Recurrent Injuries from Physical Violence Among African Men in The Gambia",
abstract = "While men are known to be at high risk of recurrent injuries from physical violence, the risk factors in African men have not been investigated. We conducted a matched case-control study to identify factors associated with recurrent injuries from physical violence in The Gambia. Eligible participants were injured male patients aged ≥ 15 years. Over the 12-month study period, 257 cases with recurrent injuries from physical violence, and 257 control patients each from two control groups (violence controls and nonviolence controls) were recruited from eight emergency rooms located in six districts of the Greater Banjul Metropolitan Area, The Gambia. The two control groups matched cases at the same health facility, date of injury, and age, in which violence controls (VCs) experienced only one violence-related injury in the past 12 months and nonviolence controls (NCs) experienced no violence-related injuries. Results of the multivariable conditional logistic regression showed that for both the VC and NC groups, a polygamous family (OR VC , 3.62; OR NC , 2.79), > 8 family members (OR VC , 5.60; OR NC , 4.81), being brought up by a family relative (OR VC , 5.17; OR NC , 2.11), having smoked cigarettes in the past week (OR VC , 3.53; OR NC , 4.03), and perceiving no family support (OR VC , 1.12; OR NC , 1.19) were significantly associated with the occurrence of recurrent violent injuries. Furthermore, compared to the NCs, three additional factors of > 2 male siblings (OR NC , 1.84), low household income (OR NC , 3.11), and alcohol consumption in the past week (OR NC , 4.66) were significantly associated with the occurrence of recurrent violent injuries. These findings may fill in a knowledge gap that will be beneficial for developing effective intervention programs to reduce recurrent injuries from physical violence among African men.",
keywords = "Emergency room, Men, Physical violence, Recurrent injuries, Risk factors, Emergency room, Men, Physical violence, Recurrent injuries, Risk factors",
author = "Paul Bass and Yu, {Wen Yu} and Edrisa Sanyang and Lin, {Mau Roung}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1007/s10900-019-00625-w",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "596--604",
journal = "Journal of Community Health",
issn = "0094-5145",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk Factors for Recurrent Injuries from Physical Violence Among African Men in The Gambia

AU - Bass, Paul

AU - Yu, Wen Yu

AU - Sanyang, Edrisa

AU - Lin, Mau Roung

PY - 2019/6/15

Y1 - 2019/6/15

N2 - While men are known to be at high risk of recurrent injuries from physical violence, the risk factors in African men have not been investigated. We conducted a matched case-control study to identify factors associated with recurrent injuries from physical violence in The Gambia. Eligible participants were injured male patients aged ≥ 15 years. Over the 12-month study period, 257 cases with recurrent injuries from physical violence, and 257 control patients each from two control groups (violence controls and nonviolence controls) were recruited from eight emergency rooms located in six districts of the Greater Banjul Metropolitan Area, The Gambia. The two control groups matched cases at the same health facility, date of injury, and age, in which violence controls (VCs) experienced only one violence-related injury in the past 12 months and nonviolence controls (NCs) experienced no violence-related injuries. Results of the multivariable conditional logistic regression showed that for both the VC and NC groups, a polygamous family (OR VC , 3.62; OR NC , 2.79), > 8 family members (OR VC , 5.60; OR NC , 4.81), being brought up by a family relative (OR VC , 5.17; OR NC , 2.11), having smoked cigarettes in the past week (OR VC , 3.53; OR NC , 4.03), and perceiving no family support (OR VC , 1.12; OR NC , 1.19) were significantly associated with the occurrence of recurrent violent injuries. Furthermore, compared to the NCs, three additional factors of > 2 male siblings (OR NC , 1.84), low household income (OR NC , 3.11), and alcohol consumption in the past week (OR NC , 4.66) were significantly associated with the occurrence of recurrent violent injuries. These findings may fill in a knowledge gap that will be beneficial for developing effective intervention programs to reduce recurrent injuries from physical violence among African men.

AB - While men are known to be at high risk of recurrent injuries from physical violence, the risk factors in African men have not been investigated. We conducted a matched case-control study to identify factors associated with recurrent injuries from physical violence in The Gambia. Eligible participants were injured male patients aged ≥ 15 years. Over the 12-month study period, 257 cases with recurrent injuries from physical violence, and 257 control patients each from two control groups (violence controls and nonviolence controls) were recruited from eight emergency rooms located in six districts of the Greater Banjul Metropolitan Area, The Gambia. The two control groups matched cases at the same health facility, date of injury, and age, in which violence controls (VCs) experienced only one violence-related injury in the past 12 months and nonviolence controls (NCs) experienced no violence-related injuries. Results of the multivariable conditional logistic regression showed that for both the VC and NC groups, a polygamous family (OR VC , 3.62; OR NC , 2.79), > 8 family members (OR VC , 5.60; OR NC , 4.81), being brought up by a family relative (OR VC , 5.17; OR NC , 2.11), having smoked cigarettes in the past week (OR VC , 3.53; OR NC , 4.03), and perceiving no family support (OR VC , 1.12; OR NC , 1.19) were significantly associated with the occurrence of recurrent violent injuries. Furthermore, compared to the NCs, three additional factors of > 2 male siblings (OR NC , 1.84), low household income (OR NC , 3.11), and alcohol consumption in the past week (OR NC , 4.66) were significantly associated with the occurrence of recurrent violent injuries. These findings may fill in a knowledge gap that will be beneficial for developing effective intervention programs to reduce recurrent injuries from physical violence among African men.

KW - Emergency room

KW - Men

KW - Physical violence

KW - Recurrent injuries

KW - Risk factors

KW - Emergency room

KW - Men

KW - Physical violence

KW - Recurrent injuries

KW - Risk factors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85061665439&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85061665439&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10900-019-00625-w

DO - 10.1007/s10900-019-00625-w

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 596

EP - 604

JO - Journal of Community Health

JF - Journal of Community Health

SN - 0094-5145

IS - 3

ER -