Removal of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) by electrocoagulation-flotation with a cationic surfactant

Yu Jung Liu, Shang Lien Lo, Ya Hsuan Liou, Ching-Yao Hu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

21 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

An electrocoagulation flotation (ECF) process was used to remove selected nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), specifically diclofenac, ibuprofen, and ketoprofen, from water. A cationic surfactant, cethyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), was added to the solution as a collector and frother. Without the addition of the cationic surfactant, the removal of NSAIDs in a single-NSAID solution was in the range of 10-45%; it decreased to approximately 10% in multiple-NSAID systems. However, after adding a stoichiometric amount of CTAB, the removal of NSAIDs significantly improved in single-NSAID systems. For multiple-NSAID removal, the concentration of CTAB required to achieve ideal removal was equal to the sum of the molar concentrations of all the NSAIDs. In addition, a high current density produced smaller bubbles, thus enhanced the electro-flotation and achieved better removal performance. Removal of multiple-NSAIDs in actual hospital wastewater was significantly lower due to interference by oils and other hydrophobic substances.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)148-154
頁數7
期刊Separation and Purification Technology
152
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 八月 24 2015

指紋

Cationic surfactants
Flotation
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Ketoprofen
Wastewater
Current density
Diclofenac
Ibuprofen
Oils
Water

Keywords

  • Aluminum electrodes
  • Cationic surfactant
  • Electrocoagulation-flotation
  • Hospital wastewater
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

引用此文

Removal of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) by electrocoagulation-flotation with a cationic surfactant. / Liu, Yu Jung; Lo, Shang Lien; Liou, Ya Hsuan; Hu, Ching-Yao.

於: Separation and Purification Technology, 卷 152, 24.08.2015, p. 148-154.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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abstract = "An electrocoagulation flotation (ECF) process was used to remove selected nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), specifically diclofenac, ibuprofen, and ketoprofen, from water. A cationic surfactant, cethyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), was added to the solution as a collector and frother. Without the addition of the cationic surfactant, the removal of NSAIDs in a single-NSAID solution was in the range of 10-45{\%}; it decreased to approximately 10{\%} in multiple-NSAID systems. However, after adding a stoichiometric amount of CTAB, the removal of NSAIDs significantly improved in single-NSAID systems. For multiple-NSAID removal, the concentration of CTAB required to achieve ideal removal was equal to the sum of the molar concentrations of all the NSAIDs. In addition, a high current density produced smaller bubbles, thus enhanced the electro-flotation and achieved better removal performance. Removal of multiple-NSAIDs in actual hospital wastewater was significantly lower due to interference by oils and other hydrophobic substances.",
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AB - An electrocoagulation flotation (ECF) process was used to remove selected nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), specifically diclofenac, ibuprofen, and ketoprofen, from water. A cationic surfactant, cethyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), was added to the solution as a collector and frother. Without the addition of the cationic surfactant, the removal of NSAIDs in a single-NSAID solution was in the range of 10-45%; it decreased to approximately 10% in multiple-NSAID systems. However, after adding a stoichiometric amount of CTAB, the removal of NSAIDs significantly improved in single-NSAID systems. For multiple-NSAID removal, the concentration of CTAB required to achieve ideal removal was equal to the sum of the molar concentrations of all the NSAIDs. In addition, a high current density produced smaller bubbles, thus enhanced the electro-flotation and achieved better removal performance. Removal of multiple-NSAIDs in actual hospital wastewater was significantly lower due to interference by oils and other hydrophobic substances.

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