Myocardial infarction and cerebral ischemic stroke during the process of arterial thrombosis are prominently causes of death worldwide. Platelets are anucleated cells and play a critical factor in these diseases. Columbianadin (CBN), a coumarin derivative from plants, inhibits effective platelet activation. In this study, platelet function analysis revealed that the closure time of the platelet plug in human whole blood significantly prolonged by CBN, whereas CBN did not pointedly prolong the bleeding time in mice. BAY11-7082 (an inhibitor of IκB kinase) and MG-132 (an inhibitor of proteasome) inhibited collagen-stimulated platelet aggregation and ATP-release in human platelets, BAY11-7082 exhibited a higher potency than MG-132. Moreover, CBN markedly reduced NF-κB activation (e.g., IκBα and p65 phosphorylation) and reversed IκBα degradation in activated platelets. We investigated intercellular signaling events between mitogen-activated protein kinases and NF-κB, and found that BAY11-7082 abolished JNK1/2 and ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Interestingly, SP600125 (an inhibitor of JNK) but not PD98059 (an inhibitor of ERK) had no effect in NF-κB activation in activated platelets. Moreover, CBN but not BAY11-7082 significantly reduced hydroxyl radical (HO•) formation in platelets. Therefore, we propose that CBN inhibits NF-κB activation in human platelets and could present a potent clinical treatment for thromboembolic diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 工程 (全部)