Recruitment maneuvers in patients undergoing thoracic surgery: a meta-analysis

Ming Chi Hu, You Lan Yang, Tzu Tao Chen, Jui Tai Chen, Tung Yu Tiong, Ka Wai Tam

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Objective: Pulmonary atelectasis is a common postoperative complication that may lead to intrapulmonary shunt, refractory hypoxemia, and respiratory distress. Recruitment maneuvers may relieve pulmonary atelectasis in patients undergoing thoracic surgery. This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of recruitment maneuvers in patients undergoing thoracic surgery. Methods: We performed a literature search on the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases and the ClinicalTrials.gov registry for trials published before April 2021. We investigated postoperative pulmonary atelectasis incidence, intrapulmonary shunt fraction, static lung compliance, and mean arterial pressure. Results: Six RCTs involving 526 patients were reviewed. Patients receiving a recruitment maneuver exhibited a significant decrease in intrapulmonary shunt fraction [weighted mean difference (WMD) − 0.02, 95% CI − 0.03 to − 0.01], improved static lung compliance (WMD 2.16; 95% CI 1.14–3.18), and PaO2/FIO2 ratio (WMD 31.31; 95% CI 12.11–50.52) without a significant difference in mean arterial pressure (WMD − 0.64; 95% CI − 4.92 to 3.64). The incidence pulmonary atelectasis favored recruitment maneuver group, but was not statistically significant (RR 0.55; 95% CI 0.27–1.12). Conclusions: Recruitment maneuvers may be a viable treatment for reducing intra-pulmonary shunt and improving static lung compliance and PaO2/FIO2 ratio without the disturbance of hemodynamics in patients undergoing thoracic surgery.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1553-1559
頁數7
期刊General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
69
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十二月 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 手術
  • 肺和呼吸系統醫學
  • 心臟病學與心血管醫學

指紋

深入研究「Recruitment maneuvers in patients undergoing thoracic surgery: a meta-analysis」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此