Background: This study aimed to reevaluate the learning curve of laparoscopic Roux-en Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in the modern era while considering a single surgeon’s experience. Methods: From the beginning of our LRYGB practice, all patients who met the regional criteria and underwent primary LRYGB were retrospectively enrolled. Patients with a body mass index (BMI) > 50 kg/m2 were excluded. Those who underwent surgery in 2016–17, 2018 and 2019 by a single surgeon with 10 + years of laparoscopic experience were assigned to groups A, B and C, respectively. The patient demographics and 30-day outcome data, including the operation time, length of stay (LOS), emergency room visits, readmission, and reoperation, were compared among the groups. Results: One hundred and eight patients met the inclusion criteria; 36, 38, and 34 patients were assigned to groups A, B and C, respectively. There were no differences in age, sex distribution or common comorbidities among the groups; however, B had a lower BMI (35.1 kg/m2 vs. 37.0 kg/m2) and a higher rate of hypertension (44.7% vs. 22.2%) than group A. The operation time was markedly reduced (96.1 min and 114.9 min, p < 0.001), and the LOS was shortened (2.2 days and 2.9 days, p < 0.001) in group B compared to group A and remained stationary in group C, with no further reduction in 30-day complications. Conclusion: The learning process of LRYGB can be shortened to approximately 30 cases if conducted selectively by experienced laparoscopic surgeons. Further follow-up is required to verify the long-term safety and applicability in other patient subgroups.
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